• What is your theological background, and how has it shaped your view of history? Question and Answer

    I’ve written a little book about my own personal spiritual journey. I was raised in a Methodist family, and it was in high school that I fell in amongst the Dutch Reformed and started going to a Reformed church. That was where I was converted. So from the very beginning of my active Christian life I was in Reformed circles. And those Dutch Reformed circles embraced the Reformation as it was expressed in the Heidelberg Catechism and the Belgic Confession of the sixteenth century. They also very much embraced the developing covenant theology that became more articulated as a system … View Resource

  • What is the mission of God as we look to the next 500 years? Question and Answer

    2 Corinthians 12:9-10

    GODFREY: As I sat listening to the international panel, one of the things that struck me was how truly global Christianity is today, much more so than it was at the time of the Reformation. And to some extent that is the fruit of the Reformation, and we can really rejoice in that. But the historian in me sat and pondered those parts of the world that once were full of churches and Christians and gospel-light, where that light has so significantly gone out. I’ve been contemplating writing a book for which I have a title. I have a friend … View Resource

  • What is the goal of reformation? Question and Answer

    Psalm 115:1

    FERGUSON: Both in Calvin and in the Westminster Confession and its subordinate standards the answer to the first question, “What is our chief end?” must be the same as to the question, “What is the goal of Reformation?” The answer is, “To glorify God and to enjoy Him forever.” To be able to do both of these things simultaneously is what I think at the end of the day is going to make an impact on our contemporary world that is so interested in enjoyment. It’s very rare to hear non-Christians say, “See how these Christians enjoy the glory of … View Resource

  • How do you define heresy? Question and Answer

    It’s a great question because the word heresy sometimes is thrown around by people. Some people use the word heresy simply to mean any error or a fairly serious error in theology. But classically the word heresy was used to describe those theological errors so serious that it would deprive one of salvation. I think we ought to be using heresy more in that sense. Error is error. Error can be serious. Error can be small. Error is always bad, and to be avoided. But there are some errors that are so huge that they really are cutting us off … View Resource

  • Does the Bible say the Sabbath changed from Saturday to Sunday? Question and Answer

    Revelation 1:10

    That’s a great question, and I love the implication of the question, namely, that the Sabbath did change. Part of the problem we face in our time is a lot of people think the Sabbath is entirely passé. One place I’d begin is with Revelation 1:10 where John says, “I was in the Spirit on the Lord’s day.” For those who think that the Sabbath is completely ended with the coming of Jesus and that “all days are alike” in the new covenant (Rom. 14:5), they misuse a statement of Paul. The fact that John says there is a “Lord’s … View Resource

  • Who is your favorite woman of the Reformation and why? Question and Answer

    I suppose my favorite woman is Jeanne d’Albret who was the queen of Navarre and the mother of the man who became Henry IV of France. She was a very well-educated and learned woman. She was a very pious woman. And she was selflessly devoted to the cause of reformation. She was queen of a little country in those days called Navarre, which was on the border of France and Spain. And she said, “I’d rather lose my whole country than ever commit myself to idolatry and go to mass.” She was very, very committed. She hawked her jewels to … View Resource

  • Is it a sin not to pray? Question and Answer

    We should always expand on these things a little bit. The Lord calls us to pray. There are many commands in the Scripture to pray. If we’re prayerless, it may reflect a kind of hyper-Calvinism that says, “God already knows everything He’s going to do, so why do I need to talk to Him about it?” And it misses that God’s whole relationship to us is meant to be a personal relationship. He doesn’t want anything mechanical to enter our minds about who He is or how we relate to Him. Prayer is this wonderful opportunity for conversation and communication … View Resource

  • What is the greatest threat of the world to the church today? Question and Answer

    HORTON: The greatest question in any moment is whether that Word above all earthly powers is being proclaimed by weak and sinful human beings. THOMAS: From a personal point of view, my greatest threat is always that I lose my love for Jesus; I lose my passion for Him. I don’t deny the faith. I don’t deny the Apostles’ Creed. I just grow cold and indifferent, and Jesus may spew me out of His mouth, to use the analogy of Revelation 3. NICHOLS: You mentioned when we started this Dr. Sproul’s bachelor’s thesis, which was on the chapter of the … View Resource

  • Since the Bible is sufficient for all of life, should we rule out psychology in counseling? Question and Answer

    HORTON: This is where a quote from Calvin is so helpful. The Anabaptists, the radical Protestants of Calvin’s day, believed that secular learning itself—secular culture, secular science, secular rhetoric, and logic—was sinful. We should just study the Bible and get everything out of the Bible. And the Reformers just were completely opposed to that idea, because it was undermining this very doctrine of God’s common grace—that God has graced the world with all sorts of truth, goodness, and beauty that we cannot destroy, though we would if we could. And that the Holy Spirit is at work, restraining people from … View Resource

  • Is there biblical warrant for Sunday evening worship? Question and Answer

    When people ask, “Should we have two services on the Lord’s Day?” my inclination is to say that I think we as the people of God ought to rise up in righteous revolt against the parsimony of our preachers and ask, “Why can’t we have three?” The day belongs to the Lord. We rest on that day, we worship on that day, and surely it’s a good thing to have morning and evening worship. Presumably, it would be an even better thing to have an afternoon service as well. I’m being a little bit facetious. The spirit may be willing, … View Resource

  • How should Christians respond to the imprecatory psalms? Question and Answer

    GODFREY: It seems to me there’s a lot of confusion on this in part because Jesus has told us to love our enemies, to pray for them. And what we’re being reminded there is we are not to call down imprecations on people for personal reasons out of individual spite. We need to be careful about that. We need to be very conscious of trying—that part of what we’re called to be as the light of the world is people who love our enemies. Paul talks about how loving your enemies will further increase their punishment. So setting love of … View Resource

  • What do we say to a mother who has lost her child in infancy when she asks, “Is my child in heaven?” Question and Answer

    2 Samuel 12:23-24

    GODFREY: The Canons of Dort, First Head of Doctrine, Article 17, say that godly parents may believe without doubt that their children dying in infancy are elect and saved. And I think that’s true. DEYOUNG: That is exactly what I was going to say. Everyone up here has faced that question, and pastors can’t avoid that question. It’s not something that the Bible deals with as head-on as we might like. But I’ve always found that 2 Samuel is probably the best case, where David’s child is killed because of the sin with Bathsheba, and he prays. Then he changes … View Resource

  • Does the Bible preclude the existence of life elsewhere in the universe? Question and Answer

    MOHLER: The answer is no; that’s speculative. What it does make very clear is that the entire cosmos was created for the drama of redemption, as Calvin said. The cosmos is a theater of God’s redemption, of what would take place in here in order to save sinful humanity. We have no reason to believe there is any other story out there. There is nothing in Scripture that says there can’t be some form of life somewhere. But what we are told is that the cosmos was created in order that on this planet Jesus Christ, in space and time … View Resource

  • Did the Holy Spirit indwell or regenerate Old Testament saints before the resurrection? Question and Answer

    Hebrews 11

    GODFREY: He regenerated people in the Old Testament just the same as in the New. MOHLER: As the writer of the book of Hebrews ends chapter eleven, it was meant by God that they not be saved apart from us any other way than we are. Abraham believed, and it was accounted unto him as righteousness. How did Abraham believe? Is it because he had some kind of inherent righteousness? No. We have to believe the Holy Spirit in regeneration is the sole explanation for why Abraham believed, and it was accounted unto him for righteousness. And I do believe … View Resource

  • Should Christians listen to secular music? Question and Answer

    THOMAS: What is secular? Music is music. If there’s “secular music,” is there something called “Christian music?” Music is math. It’s notes, sounds, silences, rhythm, and beat. One isn’t secular and the other one Christian. So I’m not quite sure what people mean when they talk about secular music. Maybe they mean modern, contemporary music—the top fifteen or twenty songs. (I was at an event recently and somebody read out the top twenty songs of today, and I had never heard of any of them or the singers. I was completely in the dark). But what do you mean by … View Resource