• Justinian & Gregory Media Resource by

    Emperor Justinian I and Pope Gregory I stand out as two of the most significant figures in the centuries of transition that marked the early Middle Ages. As the vestiges of Roman culture and institutions continued to fade or be reinvented, the inhabitants of the Mediterranean world looked for leaders who could offer them a sense of continuity with the past and direction for the future. In the midst of this uncertain climate, Justinian and Gregory contributed to the development of the state and the church in ways that would influence medieval life and culture for generations to come. View Resource

  • Martin Luther’s Early Life Media Resource by

    Extraordinary events often begin with seemingly ordinary people. A promising son of a typical middle-class family at the turn of the sixteenth century, Martin Luther had no other ambition than to know God’s Word. As Martin applied himself to that pursuit, God was equipping and preparing this young monk for an astonishing future. In this message, Dr. Godfrey explores the circumstances leading up to the events of 1517 that forever shaped the trajectories of Martin Luther’s life and of the Christian church. View Resource

  • Martin Luther & the Anabaptists Media Resource by

    Western Christianity changed forever during Martin Luther’s lifetime. Profoundly gifted and profoundly flawed, Luther had an enduring desire to proclaim “Jesus Christ and him crucified.” As a result of Luther’s untiring efforts, Christian leaders across Europe sought to bring all of life into accordance with God’s Word, often achieving very different results. Of the many expressions of Christianity that emerged during this time, the Anabaptists puzzled and distressed Catholics and Protestants alike. In this message, Dr. Godfrey discusses the enduring legacies of both Martin Luther and the Anabaptist movement. View Resource

  • Martin Luther & the German Reformation Media Resource by

    It is often through trial and adversity that God shapes His people the most. After publishing what he thought to be an unremarkable critique of corruption in the sale of indulgences, Martin Luther found himself at the forefront of a controversy that he neither expected nor desired. In the years that followed, Luther repeatedly returned to Scripture for guidance and instruction, and his exposition of God’s Word soon put him at odds with both the political and religious elites of his day. View Resource

  • Martin Luther & the Growing Protestant Movement Media Resource by

    In response to Martin Luther’s tireless ministry, more Christians came to recognize the need to reform the church, and reform movements began to spring up throughout Europe. As Luther continued to serve as a primary preacher and spokesman of the Reformation, he faced the question of how to interact with those whose visions of reform differed from his own. When the early Protestant leaders weighed the possibility of uniting their efforts, they grappled with challenges that still confront Christians today. View Resource

  • Monasticism & Scholasticism Media Resource by

    For nearly two millennia, many Christians have chosen to express their piety through ascetic living. Though the roots of monasticism existed long before, the sixth-century monk Benedict of Nursia is considered to be the founding father of the medieval monastic movements. Benedict’s charter, known as the Benedictine Rule, outlined key principles of holiness and self-denial for communities of monks and nuns who were committed to the values of poverty, chastity, and obedience to God. However, later generations did not always show the same degree of commitment and devotion as their predecessors. In response, certain influential leaders responded to corruption and … View Resource

  • Mysticism & the Renaissance Media Resource by

    As the Middle Ages continued to wind down in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, a diverse array of movements continued to exercise influence inside and outside the church. Amidst the backdrop of great Scholastic thinkers, other leaders appeared, advocating a vision of the Christian life that was driven more by the heart than by the head. Others responded to Scholasticism by looking to the ancient writings of Greece and Rome for inspiration. As Western scholars became increasingly proficient in classical languages and ancient texts, Christians inherited a variety of tools and resources to help them better understand the church, the … View Resource

  • The New Evangelicalism Media Resource by

    Fundamentalism began to take on negative connotations after the early twentieth century. In this lesson, Dr. Godfrey introduces the efforts of American Protestants to change popular perception by identifying once again as evangelicals. View Resource

  • The Nineteenth Century Media Resource by

    The ideas and events of the nineteenth century produced effects that can be felt down to this day. In this introductory lesson, Dr. Godfrey shows us why the history of the church in this century still matters and gives us five categories to analyze and understand it for ourselves. View Resource

  • Paths to God: Theologies Media Resource by

    The early centuries of church history stand out as a time of striking unity. It is unrealistic to look upon this time as a golden age of Christianity due to the many challenges it faced from both within and without. Yet, for several hundred years the church in the Roman world managed to maintain a united stance and respond to challenges with one voice. As time passed, certain cultural, theological, and organizational differences began to test the bonds between east and west. Torn apart by the effects of new controversies and old rivalries, the medieval church eventually found itself to … View Resource

  • Pentecostalism Media Resource by

    2 Corinthians 12:11-12

    Despite its humble beginnings, Pentecostalism has a wide and growing influence in the world. In this lesson, Dr. Godfrey systematically examines and responds to the theology and appeal of Pentecostalism. View Resource

  • Pioneering Theologian: Origen Media Resource by

    Origen of Alexandria provides a striking case of an individual seeking to discover the truth about the nature of reality and faith aside from God’s revelation in Scripture. Despite his commendable efforts to defend the church and to preserve her orthodoxy, Origen could not distance himself from Platonic thought, which led him to place this form of reasoning above the truths provided in God’s Word. Although Origen made significant contributions to the church, some of his most lasting contributions are the errors the church committed as they consulted his work. This study demonstrates that efforts apart from Scripture, though well … View Resource

  • Political Revolutions Media Resource by

    Coming at the close of the eighteenth century, the American and French Revolutions had an enormous impact on subsequent history. While both movements were revolutionary in nature, you will see how different their aim and character were. In this lecture, Dr. Godfrey will highlight some of the key points of these events, showing especially how the American Revolution affected American church history. View Resource

  • Popes & Councils Media Resource by

    As the Middle Ages progressed, certain issues remained unresolved. Second to none in terms of its importance to the medieval church was the question of the pope’s authority. During the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, the papal office faced unique challenges from secular authorities, from rival popes, and from clergy who sought to consolidate the church’s power within ecumenical councils. As different popes succumbed to and overcame these challenges, the papacy found itself sometimes losing ground, sometimes gaining ground, and always adapting to new realities within the church and society. View Resource

  • The Presbyterian Witness Media Resource by

    The Presbyterian church experienced the revival that swept across America by balancing the desire for vital religion with the desire for sound theology. In this lesson, Dr. Godfrey explains why this was a critical process in the development of the Presbyterian church during nineteenth-century America. View Resource