Message 4, Questions & Answers with Haykin, Kruger, and Sproul:

A questions and answers session with Drs. Michael Haykin, Michael Kruger, and R.C. Sproul.


  1. Was the addition of the Filioque clause to the Nicene creed a valid one doctrinally? (01:40)
  2. Is there a difference between the Western church’s emphasis on the unity of God and the Eastern church’s emphasis on the the distinction of the persons? (03:43)
  3. How did the early church view or practice worship through song? (06:20)
  4. Did the early church expect new covenant documents? (09:06)
  5. Is the canon closed permanently? What if Paul’s letter to the Laodiceans is found? (10:43)
  6. Were the five solas of the Reformation believed and taught in the early church? (14:13)
  7. Where is the risen Christ? With what kind of body? (17:33)
  8. Was there any debate within the early church that the teachings of Jesus and the teachings of Paul contradicted each other? (18:08)
  9. What early church doctrine has lasted to today with the most pervasively bad consequences? (20:08)
  10. What do you see is the biggest challenge to the church today and how can we learn from past events in church history, especially the early church? (24:56)

Note: Answers given reflect the views of the individual speakers and do not necessarily reflect the views of Dr. R.C. Sproul and Ligonier Ministries. Here is our Statement of Faith.