The Millennium

Revelation 20 describes a thousand-year reign of Jesus Christ and His people. This vision has sparked confusion and debate for many Christians. What is the meaning of the millennium, and when does it take place? This resource collection examines the major interpretations of the millennium from a biblical perspective.

  • Amillennialism Audio Message by Sinclair Ferguson

  • The Binding of Satan Article by Douglas Kelly

    FROM TABLETALK | December 2013

    Revelation 20 is the only place in the Bible that speaks of “the millennium”—the thousand-year reign of the triumphant Christ on earth. Nowhere else does Holy Scripture mention this word, so it is necessary to look at related teachings elsewhere in Scripture to understand what it means in Revelation. A sound principle of biblical interpretation (used from ancient times by Augustine, Tychonius, and other early Christian writers) is that one interprets the few mentions of a word or concept in light of the many, and the symbolic in light of the plain. It would be contrary to a clear understanding … View Resource

  • The First and Second Resurrection Article by Dennis Johnson

    FROM TABLETALK | December 2013

    In a second perspective on the “thousand years” following the binding of Satan, John saw thrones and the judges who occupied them, the souls of those who had been beheaded for staying true to Jesus (Rev. 20:4–6). These souls “came to life” and reigned with Christ for a thousand years. Their coming to life is “the first resurrection,” and it shows that “the second death”—the eternal torment that awaits God’s enemies (19:20; 20:10, 14–15)—has no power over them. Some premillennialists construe “the first resurrection” as believers’ bodily resurrection at Christ’s second coming (see 1 Thess. 4:13–17; 1 Cor. 15:20–23). Although … View Resource

  • Historic Premillennialism Audio Message by Richard Stortz

  • Introduction Audio Message by R.C. Sproul

  • The Millennial Maze Article by Keith Mathison

    FROM TABLETALK | December 2013

    I once heard someone define the millennium as a thousand-year period of time during which Christians fight over the proper interpretation of the book of Revelation. While amusing, that definition is obviously incorrect. Christians have been fighting over the proper interpretation of the book of Revelation for two thousand years. In all seriousness, however, all of the fighting has led some Christians to adopt despairingly a position they call panmillennialism (we don’t know which view of the millennium is correct, but we know it will all pan out in the end). The word millennium refers to the “thousand years” mentioned … View Resource

  • The Millennial Reign of Christ Devotional

    Revelation 20:1–6

    Given the disagreements over the millennium in church history, it is wise to hold our millennial views with humility. We should not divide with others who affirm the present reign of Christ over His kingdom if they differ with us on their millennial view. Instead, we should work together to proclaim the present reign of Christ and His command for all people to repent and bow to His lordship. View Resource

  • Millennialisms Audio Message by John Gerstner

  • The Millennium Video Message by R.C. Sproul

    The book of Revelation describes a time period in the last days called the Millennium. In fact, it says that the Millennium is a period of one-thousand years. But when did the last days begin? Are we still waiting for the last days or are we in them now? Is the Millennium a future expectation for the church or are we currently in it? In this message, Dr. Sproul explains the different theological perspectives in the church that are known by their teaching about “The Millennium.” View Resource

  • The Millennium, Part I Devotional

    Rev. 20

    In its historic and dispensational forms, premillennialism has the advantage of reminding us of the real presence and power of the evil one. Many may fault its pessimistic understanding of the influence of the church on the world system, but we do well to take from premillennial believers their strong conviction that Satan remains ever on the prowl (1 Peter 5:8–9). Be mindful of the enemy and be on guard always against His influence. View Resource

  • The Millennium, Part II Devotional

    Habakkuk 2:14

    Postmillennialists do not deny that there will be tares in God’s kingdom until Jesus returns (Matt. 13:24–30). Still, Dr. Keith A. Mathison notes that “at the end of the age, the Son returns to a field of wheat, not a field of tares” (Postmillennialism: An Eschatology of Hope, pp. 210–211). Whichever millennial view we hold, all believers should have confidence in the Spirit’s power. If we follow His ways and not our own, we can powerfully witness the reign of Jesus. View Resource

  • Postmillennialism Audio Message by Ken Gentry

  • Questions and Answers #1 Audio Message by David VanDrunen

    Note: Answers given reflect the views of the individual speakers and do not necessarily reflect the views of Dr. R.C. Sproul and Ligonier Ministries. Here is our Statement of Faith. View Resource

  • Reigning with Christ Article by Cornelis Venema

    FROM TABLETALK | December 2013

    One of the primary themes in the book of Revelation is the paradox of the Christian life. Believers are united to Christ, the Lamb who was slain but now reigns as the Lion from the tribe of Judah (Rev. 5–6), and they are “more than conquerors” even when they experience trial, persecution, and martyrdom for their testimony concerning Jesus Christ. G.K. Chesterton once remarked that a paradox is “the truth stood on its head to get our attention.” The depiction of the reign of believers with Christ for one thousand years in Revelation 20:4–6 is an instance of such a … View Resource

  • Is There One View of the End Times That Is More Convincing Than the Others? by W. Robert Godfrey

    Throughout church history, serious students of Scripture have come to different views regarding the end times. Today, W. Robert Godfrey considers the major perspectives and discusses the position he prefers.