The Covenant in History
Until recently, it was widely held that covenant theology was created in the middle of the seventeenth century by theologians such as Johannes Cocceius (1609–69). In fact, covenant theology is nothing more or less than the theology of the Bible. It is also the theology of the Reformed confessions. In the history of theology, the elements of what we know as covenant theology—the covenant of redemption before time between the persons of the Trinity, the covenant of works with Adam, and the covenant of grace after the fall—have existed since the early church.