• The Roman Catholic View Media Resource by

    The best way to understand the Reformed view of justification is in comparison to the Roman Catholic view of justification. In this lesson, Dr. Sproul reviews the Roman Catholic view of justification as defined at the Council of Trent. View Resource

  • Defining Our Terms Media Resource by

    Defining terms is critical to understanding and communicating the Protestant position on justification. In this lesson, Dr. Sproul concludes our study of the Roman Catholic view and begins to define the terms in the phrase justification by faith alone. View Resource

  • Protestant View of Justification Media Resource by

    Many people in contemporary culture shrink at the idea of double imputation inherent in the Protestant understanding of justification. That God would place others’ sins on His own Son while simultaneously declaring the guilty righteous on account of the merit of Christ defies reason and creates a form of “cosmic child abuse,” they say. Yet, this position demonstrates a serious flaw in reasoning, for the Father does not abuse His Son. On the contrary, our own wrongdoing rests upon Christ’s shoulders at the cross, and He bears this burden willingly for the sake of His flock. Furthermore, a position against … View Resource

  • Rome’s Objections Answered Media Resource by

    Secular culture and even some professing evangelicals often describe God as an all-forgiving, cuddly being intent on accepting all people from all walks of life into his ever-accepting arms. As such, it advocates freedom to act in whatever way feels right, for if God is a God of love, surely He will never discriminate. This picture misses the mark absolutely. On the contrary, the heavenly Lord of Hosts demands rigid moral discipline from His creation. Although God alone acts in the justification of His children, after they enter into a state of grace He requires that they cooperate and fulfill … View Resource

  • Roman Catholic View of Justification (Part 1) Media Resource by

    Many members of the Protestant church today do not understand properly their origins and the nature of their predecessors “protest” against the Roman Catholic Church. When asked about the respective differences, they may respond with some stereotypical answers such as, “I don’t worship Mary,” “I believe in justification by faith, not works,” or “The bread and wine of the Lord’s supper don’t really turn into the body of Jesus.” In this lesson, Dr. Sproul explains the real, serious points of doctrine at stake during Martin Luther’s timeframe and the Reformation, paying careful attention to the doctrine of justification and its … View Resource

  • Roman Catholic View of Justification (Part 2) Media Resource by

    Would it surprise you to learn that current Roman Catholic doctrine declares all Protestants accursed? Remarkably, if probed, most Protestants would respond in disbelief to this proposition. Yet, it holds true, and the Roman church maintains the same stance today as it took in the sixteenth century at the Council of Trent. The major area of dispute at the council regarded the doctrine of justification, notably the role of faith in it. A thorough, clear understanding of justification remains imperative for a proper understanding of the differences between historic Protestantism and Roman Catholicism, and Dr. Sproul provides this clarification in … View Resource

  • Building St. Peters Media Resource by

    Sadly, the church, composed of sinful men and women, does not escape the infiltration of depravity, but it frequently suffers greatly from it. Corruption among officials, particularly high-ranking leaders, has serious ramifications both within and without the church’s borders. Today’s lesson demonstrates this truth poignantly, and the selling of indulgences and church offices to feed the treasury of the Roman Catholic Church epitomizes the venality that can exist in the heart of men. Nonetheless, Christians possess hope, for God promises to maintain His Spirit among the true members of the invisible church, the body of men and women that participate … View Resource

  • Monastery & Rome Crisis Media Resource by

    The word “holy” gets bandied about often in contemporary culture. Some apply the term to archaic or sacred ideas or items from past civilizations, while others combine it with a noun for use as an impromptu expression of fear or wonder. Unfortunately, the flippant use of this modifier fails to appreciate the proper use of the expression. It is only for the true, living God, and by extension those people and things He hallows. These are holy. Martin Luther grasped this principle astutely. In this lesson, Dr. Sproul expounds on Luther’s inability to reconcile his guilt with the holiness of … View Resource

  • Tower Experience Media Resource by

    The individualistic, global societies created and propelled by sin operate under the assumption that the fortunes and failures of life result strictly from the decisions and actions of the individual. Human beings are autonomous creatures and independent entities unto themselves. Hence, the notion of imputed righteousness (the application of a foreign righteousness on another) struggles against the grain. Yet, the nature of reality foils this principle at every turn. In each stage of life, we experience the effects of others’ actions on our lives in permanent and uncontrollable ways, just as we impose similar effects. In this lesson, Martin Luther … View Resource

  • Hail Mary? Media Resource by

    Does Rome really teach that we should worship Mary, the mother of Jesus? Does Rome teach that she is God’s mother? When is it proper for Protestants to hail Mary? In this message, Dr. Sproul considers these questions and explains why Protestants, as well as Catholics, need to be involved in Mariology. View Resource

  • Listen to Him! Media Resource by

    What should we expect from Mary? Is there a message she has given that can apply to all people today? Considering this, Dr. Sproul revisits the wedding at Cana where Jesus performed His first miracle, and where Mary had a word for all of us to heed. View Resource

  • Mary’s Magnificent Savior Media Resource by

    How do we know that Mary was a sinner? The answer is quite simple. She says so and Scripture records it. However, before you relegate Mary to a category of ordinary women, be sure to consider all the facts. In this message, Dr. Sproul revisits Mary’s own words recorded in the Magnificat that we may also rejoice in “Mary’s Magnificent Savior.” View Resource

  • A Model of Submission Media Resource by

    Without question, there are stark differences between Protestant and Roman Catholic understandings of who Mary is and her role in redemptive history. But is there common ground where we can agree? What can we learn from the life of Mary that has application to believers today? Continuing this series on the life of Mary, Dr. Sproul teaches us some of the differences among Roman Catholics about Mary’s role in redemption, but more importantly, that we can all affirm Mary as “A Model of Submission.” View Resource

  • Questions & Answers Media Resource by

    Who is Mary, the mother of Jesus? According to the Roman Catholic Church, she was the only person other than Jesus who was born without original sin, she remained a virgin throughout her life, she was assumed into heaven, she is to receive prayer and devotion, she is a mediatrix between God and man, and she dispenses grace to those in need. In their reaction to Roman Catholic excesses, many Protestants have ignored Mary altogether. In this series, R.C. Sproul explains what the Bible teaches us about Mary, separating truth from falsehood, and giving appropriate honor where honor is due. View Resource

  • Papal Infallibility Media Resource by

    The pope is regarded by Rome as the chief pastor of the whole church, the Vicar of Christ upon the earth. So how did the office of papacy become such an influential office in not only the Church of Rome but the entire world? What are the historical beginnings of the papacy? In this message, Dr. Sproul looks at the historical developments that have contributed to the rise of the papacy and its influence. View Resource