• Puritan Piety Media Resource by

    Inward apathy toward the Lord masked by outward obedience is a real and constant threat in any church. Keenly aware of this danger, the Puritans zealously proclaimed the importance of heart-felt affection for the Lord. They sought to nourish genuine faith and piety especially through passionate preaching, Bible studies, and conscientious Sabbath observance. Though frequently portrayed as joyless legalists, we will see in this lesson that in reality, Puritans were more frequently characterized by their pursuit of joyful, sincere devotion to the Lord. View Resource

  • Puritan Politics Media Resource by

    During the mid-seventeenth century, England was embroiled in a civil war between the king’s forces and those of parliament. The aftermath of this conflict saw political change and much theological reflection. It was during this time period that the Westminster Assembly met to reform doctrine, church government, and worship. In this lecture, you will study this tumultuous time period, focusing on the connection between the Puritans and politics. You will also come to a better understanding of the climate within which the Westminster Assembly took place. View Resource

  • The Puritans in New England Media Resource by

    When the Puritans came to the New World, they had no intention of establishing a new religion. What they did want to do, however, was bring their old world religious ideal into reality. Despite the inherent difficulties in their new environment, the Puritans found some measure of early success. But as time passed, internal challenges added to the external. In this lecture, Dr. Godfrey will summarize the religious foundations of the American colonies, looking especially at the Puritans’ desire to maintain a pure church. View Resource

  • Puritan Views of Assurance and Conversion Media Resource by

    Assurance of one’s salvation is an important part of Protestant faith, and one of the many marks that sharply distinguishes it from Roman Catholicism. In the seventeenth century, however, many within Puritan circles struggled with this issue. In this lecture, Dr. Godfrey will explain this struggle. He will also spend considerable time discussing the Puritan understanding of conversion, and will show that the very idea of conversion has changed dramatically over the past few centuries. View Resource

  • Puritan Worship and Eschatology Media Resource by

    Many Reformed churches today trace their roots back to the Puritans, and have even adopted as their standards the Westminster Confession and Catechisms. However, there are two areas where most of those churches differ from their Puritan predecessors: worship and eschatology. In this lecture, Dr. Godfrey explains why the Puritans worshipped the way did, and how they understood the book of Revelation. View Resource

  • Reformed Christianity Media Resource by

    The modern-day church needs exactly what it has always needed: the Word of God preached faithfully. In this lesson, Dr. Godfrey situates the church in the twenty-first century, highlighting the essentials of Reformed Christianity as its only means of survival. View Resource

  • A Remarkable Century Media Resource by

    The twentieth century was a remarkable century, encompassing the best and the worst of human history. In this lesson, Dr. Godfrey introduces some of its major events and the way the church adapted to its problems and opportunities. View Resource

  • The Rise of Cults in America Media Resource by

    Cults flourished in America during the nineteenth century. In this lesson, Dr. Godfrey explores where these cults came from, who started them, what they taught, and why they are so dangerous. View Resource

  • Roman Catholicism Media Resource by

    Roman Catholics reacted to the mounting pressures of the nineteenth century by reasserting papal authority. In this lesson, Dr. Godfrey shows how the declarations of the First Vatican Council create a dilemma for today’s Roman Catholic scholar. View Resource

  • Rome in the 20th Century Media Resource by

    The Roman Catholic Church underwent many changes throughout the latter half of the twentieth century. In this lesson, Dr. Godfrey seeks to answer the question of whether these changes were substantive or merely cosmetic. View Resource

  • Scholastic Theology Media Resource by

    One might think of scholastic theology as dry, nitpicky, and irrelevant, but that couldn’t be further from the truth. Many scholastic theologians were learned, lively, and deeply concerned not just about orthodoxy, but also piety. Although their writings are often challenging, Christians today can benefit greatly from these past saints. In this lecture, Dr. Godfrey will survey the scholastic movement, pointing out its importance and relevance for the church—past and present. View Resource

  • The Scottish Reformation Media Resource by

    As the teachings of the Protestant Reformation spread throughout Europe, Protestant movements appeared in many different countries. In some areas, the political authorities quickly established Protestantism as the official religion. In nations like France and Spain, the Reformation was eventually suppressed by relentless persecution. However, persecution was not always able to extinguish the Protestant cause. In the case of Scotland, the Reformation took root in spite of government opposition, largely through the diligent and persistent ministry of John Knox. View Resource

  • The Second Awakening Media Resource by

    The Second Great Awakening was a period of increased evangelism and social reform. In this lesson, Dr. Godfrey explains how the Second Great Awakening would influence society and introduces its important theologians. View Resource

  • Struggle in American Churches Media Resource by

    The controversy involving J. Gresham Machen in the Presbyterian Church in the United States of America is only an example of the growing tensions and rapid changes that roiled churches across the country. In this lesson, Dr. Godfrey discusses the struggles within American churches and the beginnings of Pentecostalism. View Resource

  • The Synod of Dort Media Resource by

    When times of trial and persecution come to an end, the absence of external tension may create opportunities for internal strife and division. With the threat of Spanish invasion no longer uniting the Dutch people, controversy surrounding the teachings of the late Jacobus Arminius began to polarize the Reformed churches in the Netherlands. At the resulting Synod of Dort, church leaders responded to this crisis by officially adopting the doctrinal positions that have become one of the distinguishing marks of Reformed Christianity. View Resource