• Who was Zwingli, and what was his impact on the Reformation? Question and Answer

    I love when someone brings up Zwingli. He is sometimes a forgotten Reformer. He’s at Zürich, and if you’ve seen any spy movies, Zürich is always in the storyline. Zwingli’s career as a Reformer spans about ten years, and he’s being worked on throughout that period. He’s a student at Basel when Erasmus is putting together the Greek text, and he’s likely helping in the production of the Greek New Testament in 1516. He takes a copy of the Greek text with him to his first parish priest job, which was a shrine. It was full of people coming to … View Resource

  • Who was Martin Bucer? Question and Answer

    Bucer was one of the Reformers. He was such a star on the continent, and he got invited over to Cambridge during the time of the young Edward VI, who was a godly young king in between Henry and Queen Mary. Under his reign, the Reformation flourished. So Bucer was invited over to Cambridge. Another interesting thing about Bucer is that his wife married four times. She was widowed three times. He was the fourth husband to Wibrandis, so sometimes she’s called the bride of the Reformation. Bucer was a brilliant scholar. But once he got to Cambridge, the water … View Resource

  • What are your favorite classic works throughout church history? Question and Answer

    You could have one for every century. I only have ninety seconds, so we’ll skip a few centuries. In the early church, I love the Martyrdom of Polycarp, which is a second century text. It gives us fresh insight into what was happening in the church at that time. It helps us think about what it means to be a Christian in a culture that is hostile to Christianity. The Martyrdom of Polycarp is the first stop. Then we’ll skip a bit to the 400’s. We’ll pick up Augustine’s Confessions and Leo’s Tome. A “tome” is a big book, but … View Resource

  • Can we trust the writings of the early church to have sound theology? Question and Answer

    The early church is interesting because of its proximity to the New Testament, but this does not mean it’s always right. There is an assumption that the closer you get to the source, the more pure it is, but that’s not necessarily the case. There are a lot of danger zones in the early church. Having said that, we’ve got to be very grateful for the main areas where the early church helps us, such as canon development, the Christological controversies (which spill over into the Trinitarian heresies), and giving us a solid understanding of how the Scriptures came together … View Resource

  • How would you describe the majesty of God? Question and Answer

    The psalmist says, “God dwells in light inaccessible.” We can use any word. I remember talking to R.C. about this and he said, “You know, the word I used was ‘holiness,’ but there are a lot of words we can use—‘glory,’ ‘transcendence,’ ‘majesty.’” What we’re talking about here is the God-ness of God. It’s an awkward expression. This is the most perfect Being, God. There’s a sense in which He has revealed Himself and we know who He is. We know who He is in the full complex of His attributes, in His works, and in His decrees, but there’s … View Resource

  • What is an “ordinary means of grace” ministry? Question and Answer

    Acts 6:4

    FERGUSON: An ordinary means of grace ministry is the thrill, from the point of view of those who share in that ministry, of the exposition of Scripture in different ways and at different levels and watching the Word of God work. I’ve become more and more convinced that the default among us evangelicals is that we do the work and the Word helps us. And perhaps that’s an indication that in our churches we see far too infrequently what it’s like when the Word of God, preached in the power of the Holy Spirit, itself does the work and changes … View Resource

  • What is the goal of reformation? Question and Answer

    Romans 1

    FERGUSON: Both in Calvin and in the Westminster Confession and its subordinate standards the answer to the first question, “What is our chief end?” must be the same as to the question, “What is the goal of Reformation?” The answer is, “To glorify God and to enjoy Him forever.” To be able to do both of these things simultaneously is what I think at the end of the day is going to make an impact on our contemporary world that is so interested in enjoyment. It’s very rare to hear non-Christians say, “See how these Christians enjoy the glory of … View Resource

  • As one who is courting in college, to what extent does my parents’ authority extend? Question and Answer

    I think it’s an interesting age, obviously, because I am very much involved with college students. They’re in the transition moment and, as we look at it, this is not the last time with an adolescent. This is really the first time with an adult. So there is a sense in which, as college students, as adults, they need to think through decisions, be responsible, and have parameters in their lives. But God has given us this institution of parents. We have these categories culturally of adolescence and young adulthood, and there is this sort of cultural pressure, this cultural … View Resource

  • What is the greatest threat of the world to the church today? Question and Answer

    Revelation 3

    HORTON: The greatest question in any moment is whether that Word above all earthly powers is being proclaimed by weak and sinful human beings. THOMAS: From a personal point of view, my greatest threat is always that I lose my love for Jesus; I lose my passion for Him. I don’t deny the faith. I don’t deny the Apostles’ Creed. I just grow cold and indifferent, and Jesus may spew me out of His mouth, to use the analogy of Revelation 3. NICHOLS: You mentioned when we started this Dr. Sproul’s bachelor’s thesis, which was on the chapter of the … View Resource

  • Did Old Testament believers possess the Holy Spirit the same way as the New Testament believers? Question and Answer

    John 7:39

    HORTON: I just wrote a book on the Holy Spirit, and it really enriched my own experience of the Spirit as well as thoughts about questions like this; and it made me more uncertain of the answers that I had for it. Dr. Ferguson has written on this really well in his book on the Holy Spirit. There’s a danger on one hand to so defend the unity of the one covenant of grace that we don’t recognize the peaks and the valleys, the differences from old covenant to new covenant. The other danger is the opposite danger of not … View Resource

  • Should Christians listen to secular music? Question and Answer

    THOMAS: What is secular? Music is music. If there’s “secular music,” is there something called “Christian music?” Music is math. It’s notes, sounds, silences, rhythm, and beat. One isn’t secular and the other one Christian. So I’m not quite sure what people mean when they talk about secular music. Maybe they mean modern, contemporary music—the top fifteen or twenty songs. (I was at an event recently and somebody read out the top twenty songs of today, and I had never heard of any of them or the singers. I was completely in the dark). But what do you mean by … View Resource

  • Is there a point where we can go too far in confessing our sins to one another? Question and Answer

    NICHOLS: If it’s a particular sin against a brother or a sister, sometimes we think, “Well, I’ve confessed that to God. I’m now forgiven of that sin.” But I think we do have another obligation if it was a particular sin and a particular offense. Yes, we confess that sin to God, because ultimately all sins are sins against God. But we also have an obligation to go to that brother or sister and confess that offense and seek restoration and even restitution, if necessary, so that we can have fellowship again within the body of Christ. But there are … View Resource