• Can a person be 100% sure of his or her salvation? Question and Answer

    When you talk about “100% sure,” you are asking me if I think something is the case. And I could answer that question in a multitude of different ways. I can say to you, “No.” I could say, “I don’t think so.” I could say, “Absolutely not.” Or I could say, “Yes, maybe,” “I hope so,” or, “I think so.” Or, I can say, “Absolutely certainly.” Those responses indicate various degrees of certainty that are associated with a particular question. And when you ask me the question, “Can a person be 100% sure of their salvation?” I don’t know how … View Resource

  • Were the Old Testament saints indwelt by the Holy Spirit? Question and Answer

    Numbers 11:29

    We distinguish among various different works attributed to the Third Person of the Trinity. For example, regeneration is so vitally important, and the Holy Spirit is the One who changes the disposition of our hearts. Anyone who was a believer in the Old Testament had to be regenerate before they would be a believer. So anyone who was regenerate the Old Testament experienced the work of God the Holy Spirit in changing the disposition of their soul. We also talk about ways in which the Holy Spirit filled people. The first people we read about being “filled” by the Holy … View Resource

  • What’s the difference between regeneration and conversion? Question and Answer

    The difference between regeneration and conversion is a slight difference, but it’s an important one. Regeneration is the work of God the Holy Spirit as He supernaturally and immediately changes the disposition of the soul from spiritual death to spiritual life. Conversion is a result of regeneration. When we are converted, we’re turned around and we move in a different direction. Sometimes we get confused about this, because particularly when people give their testimony, they often say, “I was born again on February the 13th, 1975,” and so on. That person is testifying to a conversion experience. They may have … View Resource

  • Should all Christians pursue missions? Question and Answer

    Matthew 28:18-20

    It is good to hear that there are young people out there pursuing missions because that’s a pursuit the Lord has placed upon the church. We all are responsible for the fulfillment of the Great Commission (Matt. 28:18–20). Whether one is actually going as a missionary or contributing to that endeavor, all of us are responsible to fulfill the Great Commission because Christ is Lord. Because He is Lord, we have to do what He commands us to do. So I would encourage all Christians, not just young people, to make a priority of missions. This … View Resource

  • How important are creeds and confessions? Question and Answer

    From the very earliest time in the history of the church, the church has not only proclaimed the truth of sacred Scripture, but also dealt with distortions and radical departures from biblical truth in the appearance of multiple heresies that have threatened the church. One of the earliest creeds, thought to be the very first Christian creed, was the simple statement, “Jesus is Lord.” This came out of the context of a loyalty oath imposed by the Roman Empire. Christians were required to say publicly, “Kaiser kurios” (“Caesar is Lord”). The Christian church in the first century was quite willing … View Resource

  • Are faith and belief the same thing? Question and Answer

    We use the terms basically interchangeably, but belief can also be used simply to talk about making an intellectual assertion of a particular proposition. For example, “I believe that George Washington was the first president of the United States.” Faith goes beyond that where it involves personal trust in the truth of the Word of God. This transcript is from an Ask R.C. Live event with R.C. Sproul and has been lightly edited for readability. To ask Ligonier a biblical or theological question, just visit Ask.Ligonier.org … View Resource

  • Is God present in hell? Question and Answer

    It is one thing to talk about God’s choosing not to be present somewhere. If He ever chose not to be present in any particular place, then He wouldn’t be inherently, infinitely, and eternally omnipresent. The problem with hell is not that God isn’t there. People often think that hell is the absence of God. Everybody who is in hell would do everything that they could to get rid of Him. They would pay any price if it was possible. The problem is that He is there, and He’s there in His judgment. This transcript is … View Resource

  • Is it a sin to be angry with God? Question and Answer

    Ephesians 4:26

    The New Testament has a lot to say about anger. It says, “Be angry, but don’t let the sun go down on your wrath” (Eph. 4:26). But there are also the warnings of our Lord against unjustifiable anger. And there’s never ever a justification to be angry with God. How dare you be angry with the God of the universe who does everything well? Now, understandably, when things go wrong and people shake their fist in the face of God, we understand. And as our former president used to say, we feel their pain, and all of that. And there … View Resource

  • Is eternal punishment in hell fair? Question and Answer

    The concept of eternal damnation is postulated on the basis that the crime that is committed by transitory human creatures is a crime against One who is infinite in His perfection. In fact, I’m saying that there is almost an ontological, cosmic impossibility for justice ever to prevail, even in hell. Because eternity is not long enough to satisfy the heinousness of the crime that I have committed against my Creator and against my God who is infinitely perfect in every way. And so my guilt remains eternal. So again, it’s not enough. That’s the big problem: how can an … View Resource

  • How do you define a false teacher? Question and Answer

    Acts 18:24-28

    SPROUL: When is a false teacher a false teacher? It’s when he teaches falsehood. MOHLER: Amen. I would just add that I think there is in the New Testament a clear reservation of that title not just for one who teaches falsely but for one who is uncorrectable and who resists correction. Apollos was a false teacher. But when he was taught how to preach a better way, how to be more faithful to Scripture, he was corrected (Acts 18:24-28). So there’s a difference between a false teaching and a false teacher. Because just about any preacher, especially one who … View Resource

  • What do we say to a mother who has lost her child in infancy when she asks, “Is my child in heaven?” Question and Answer

    2 Samuel 12:23-24

    GODFREY: The Canons of Dort, First Head of Doctrine, Article 17, say that godly parents may believe without doubt that their children dying in infancy are elect and saved. And I think that’s true. DEYOUNG: That is exactly what I was going to say. Everyone up here has faced that question, and pastors can’t avoid that question. It’s not something that the Bible deals with as head-on as we might like. But I’ve always found that 2 Samuel is probably the best case, where David’s child is killed because of the sin with Bathsheba, and he prays. Then he changes … View Resource

  • What is the gospel? Question and Answer

    2 Corinthians 15:3-4

    SPROUL: When I would teach in the doctor of ministry program and I’d have the clergy in there, I would ask them to define the gospel. And if I got ten percent of them to give an adequate answer to it, I would be happy. Because that word is thrown around so much it has died the death of a thousand qualifications. In New Testament terms, the gospel is the proclamation of the person and work of Jesus Christ plus how the benefits of that work can be appropriated to us by faith and by faith alone. So the gospel … View Resource

  • What parts of the law are still relevant to us today? Question and Answer

    Exodus 20

    We make distinctions among the ceremonial law, the dietary law, the civil law, and the moral law. To the Jew, every law commanded by God in the Old Testament was moral in the sense that it had moral significance to it. It is a useful distinction to distinguish the moral law from the ceremonial law, because we know that the ceremonial law has been fulfilled in the perfect work of Christ. And we know that the dietary laws have been set apart. They had a historical significance that differs from the moral law of the Old Testament. We make a … View Resource

  • How can I be assured that I am among the chosen? Question and Answer

    Acts 16:31

    HAMILTON: Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ. SPROUL: Now the problem is complicated because we have four kinds of people: people who aren’t saved and know that they aren’t saved, people who aren’t saved and don’t know that they aren’t saved, people who are saved and know that they are saved, and people who are unsaved who know that they are saved. That’s where the problem comes in, because you have all kinds of people who have an assurance of salvation illegitimately. Because they don’t understand what salvation requires. Maybe somebody taught them if you raise your hand in an … View Resource

  • What did the Lord do in your life to help you embrace your calling as a battlefield theologian? Question and Answer

    Mainly it was the influence of my studies in seminary as a young man and looking at what God did in the Reformation of the sixteenth century. The magisterial Reformers were world-class academicians, people like Luther and Calvin and so on. But they understood that if you’re going to have reformation you have to take your case to the people. And that’s what I meant by being a battlefield theologian rather than an ivory tower theologian—that you’ve got to make your case before the people and communicate to the people. John Piper said it somewhat like this: Not only must … View Resource