Peter Abelard (AD 1079–1142) served as professor of philosophy and theology at the University of Paris and was a notable scholastic theologian. Scholasticism is the discipline and method of bringing together philosophy and theology to make God and His ways understandable. In the medieval context, in which theology was “the queen of the sciences” and philosophy was employed as “the handmaid of theology,” scholasticism addressed vexing questions such as “Are revelation and reason compatible or contradictory?” and “Can reason demonstrate what theology affirms about God?” Abelard contributed significantly to the scholastic endeavor. In terms of its method, his most famous …
Dr. Gregg R. Allison is professor of Christian theology at The Southern Baptist Theological Seminary in Louisville, Kentucky. He is the author of Historical Theology: An Introduction to Christian Doctrine.