Pentecost is the day on which Jesus pours out God’s Spirit upon the apostles and believers gathered in Jerusalem. The Greek word for Pentecost literally means “the fiftieth,” that is, the fiftieth day after the Passover, or, in this case, after Jesus’ death. Since Jesus had appeared to His disciples after His resurrection “during forty days” (Acts 1:3), it has only been about ten days since His ascension (the “not many days from now” of His promise to them in 1:5). Luke relates the event in Acts 2:1–41 by first describing it and those individuals attendant upon it.
George Knight III
Dr. George W. Knight III is chairman of the board and adjunct professor of New Testament at Greenville Presbyterian Theological Seminary in Taylors, S.C., and teacher at Redeemer Presbyterian in Charlotte, N.C.