• The Ransom Theory

    Mark 10:35–45

    When we enter this world in Adam, we owe God a great debt for breaking His law. We can by no means ever pay this debt, and it is futile even to try to appease our Father by our good ...Read More

  • The Ransom Theory

    Mark 10:35–45

    Our sin has made us debtors to God, not to Satan. Therefore, the ransom paid was paid to God the Father. At the Cross, Satan received nothing but the destruction of his power and the guarantee that his kingdom will ...Read More

  • Responding to the Servant

    Isaiah 55

    God works through means. In justification, the sole instrumental means He uses is the faith He gives us to lay hold of Christ’s perfect righteousness—the sole ground of our being declared righteous before Him. We must trust Jesus alone to ...Read More

  • The Righteousness of David

    2 Samuel 22:21–31

    Just as those who blatantly reject the Lord have no right to expect His assistance, those who serve God can legitimately expect His rescue, for He promises to be faithful to faithful people. His rescue may not look the same ...Read More

  • Salvation or Condemnation

    Mark 16:16

    Believing the gospel is a matter of eternal life or eternal death. Following Jesus in a life of obedience does not save us, but it proves whether we have faith (James 2:14–26). Thus, we must believe and be baptized (Mark ...Read More

  • Securing our Faith

    Matthew 1:18–21

    The Old Testament also points to limited atonement or particular redemption. Israel’s high priest offered atonement only for the people of Israel, not for Israel and those who remained outside the covenant community. From first to last, the Bible teaches ...Read More

  • Setting One’s Mind on the Spirit

    Romans 8:4-6

    Even though the Spirit of God provides us with real power to obey God now, that power does not perfect us in this life. John Calvin comments on Romans 8:1-2: “Wherever the real fear of God is vigorous, it takes ...Read More

  • The Severe Judgment of God

    2 Corinthians 5:21

    Ancient Jews who knew their Scriptures understood that Jesus’ crucifixion under the Romans meant that God was subjecting Him to the worst curse imaginable. But He was subjected to this curse because He bore the sin of those who trust ...Read More

  • Spirit-Conceived and Virgin-Born

    Luke 1:26–38

    Question and answer 35 of the Heidelberg Catechism tell us that the virgin birth demonstrates how God could truly unite Himself to a true human nature but remain unstained by sin in the process. This miracle of the incarnation is ...Read More

  • The Spirit’s Internal Witness

    Romans 8:16-17

    More than once we have referred to the reality of the “already/not yet” situation in which Christians find themselves. Already we are children of God and heirs, but our possession of the full inheritance is not yet. Our present possession ...Read More

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