• The Non-Imputation of Sin

    Romans 4:6–8

    As we will see in due time, the counting or imputation we enjoy in justification is not merely a negative imputation but also a positive one. Dr. Sproul also writes, “The only righteousness we possess is the righteousness of Christ ...Read More

  • Not by Works

    Romans 4:1–3

    We’ll consider the nature of justification and faith in more detail over the next few days. Today we note the significance of the opposition of doing and believing with regard to justification. Faith is something we exercise, but Paul ...Read More

  • Upholding the Law by Faith

    Romans 3:29–31

    Calvin also writes that after justification “there is sanctification, by which our hearts are prepared to keep the law; it is indeed imperfectly done, but there is an aiming at the work.” Sanctification follows justification, so justification upholds the law ...Read More

  • No Room for Boasting

    Romans 3:27–28

    In his commentary on Romans, Douglas J. Moo writes, “God’s wrath is the inevitable and necessary reaction of absolute holiness to sin.” The Lord must judge sinners, and we cannot endure this judgment, but Christ bears it in our ...Read More

  • Just and Justifier

    Romans 3:25–26

    Dr. R.C. Sproul writes in his commentary on Romans: “In the drama of justification, God remains just. He does not set aside His justice; He does not waive his righteousness; he insists upon it… . If all he did was ...Read More

  • Justification by Grace through Faith

    Romans 3:22b–24

    If justification were a meritorious reward that we earn because we have faith, we would have no assurance of peace with God. After all, our faith is not always strong, and until our glorification it is mixed with sin. No ...Read More

  • The Works of the Law

    Romans 3:19–20

    Dr. R.C. Sproul writes in his commentary on Romans: “If we are paying attention to the law, we know it will not justify us. We know we will never be able to get into heaven on the basis of ...Read More

  • Circumcision of the Heart

    Romans 2:28–29

    Circumcision per se is not bad. For Paul it was indifferent to one’s place in the kingdom—that is, until the Judaizers insisted that circumcision is required for salvation. To so insist was to go too far and to ...Read More

  • The Value of Circumcision

    Romans 2:25

    Most of us are unlikely to think that we will automatically make it to heaven if we have been circumcised. However, professing Christians are prone to think they are right before God because they go to church, and they might ...Read More

  • The Jews’ Failure to Keep the Law

    Romans 2:21b–23

    John Calvin comments on today’s passage, “We are here warned, first, not to flatter ourselves and to despise others, when we have performed only some portions of the law—and, secondly, not to glory in having outward idolatry removed ...Read More

  • The Work of the Law on the Heart

    Romans 2:14–16

    John Calvin comments, “There is no nation so lost to every thing human, that it does not keep within the limits of some laws.” Although human beings suppress the truth in unrighteousness apart from the grace of God (Rom. 1 ...Read More

  • God’s Impartiality

    Romans 2:11

    Only those who patiently do good in hope of immortality will enter into eternal life (Rom. 2:6–7). Yet no one even wants to do this apart from divine grace, as Paul explains in the next few chapters of ...Read More

  • Weighing Our Works

    Romans 2:6–8

    Dr. R.C. Sproul’s hymn Clothed in Righteousness features these lines: “No work of ours is good enough for evil to atone. Your merit Lord is all we have; it saves and it alone.” Scripture is clear that obedience ...Read More

  • Righteousness by Faith

    Romans 1:17b (ESV footnote)

    John Calvin comments on today’s passage, “We have now the principal point or the main hinge of the first part of the this Epistle—that we are justified by faith through the mercy of God alone.” To truly know ...Read More

  • The Righteous Shall Live by Faith

    Romans 1:17b

    In other lectures, Dr. R.C. Sproul has paraphrased today’s passage as “the just shall live by trust.” The mark of righteous people is that they believe the Lord, that they trust His promises and seek to grow in ...Read More