• Access by Faith

    Romans 5:2

    The biblical doctrine of perseverance gives us confidence without presumption. We know that nothing can snatch us out the hand of our omnipotent Savior if we are in Him, but we do not presume to be in Him unless we ...Read More

  • A Double Transfer

    Romans 4:9–10

    Martin Luther comments: “Righteousness is given through imputation without works, and … this takes place through the nonimputation of unrighteousness. It is the same thing, whether we say, ‘to whom God imputes righteousness’ or, ‘to whom the Lord does not impute ...Read More

  • An Assured Salvation

    Romans 5:1

    The Scriptures make clear that peace with God is the foundation for and source of the peace of God. Such peace stems from knowing that almighty God has set His love upon us and orders all our circumstances for our ...Read More

  • A Way for Sinners

    Romans 3:21-26

    We speak of God’s dilemma in this study. Of course, God cannot really experience a dilemma, for He is sovereign and unhindered. His plan of redemption is not a plan B in response to man’s surprising behavior. Rather ...Read More

  • A Work Yet to Be Done

    Romans 5:9-11

    Obviously, our salvation is not yet complete. And yet, the appropriate behavior for Christians is not doubting, second-guessing, and legalistic striving, but rejoicing, for our salvation is secure. Do you rejoice to be saved, knowing that you always will be ...Read More

  • Before the Law

    Romans 4:9–12

    In Matthew 18:21–22, Jesus tells Peter that His disciples must freely forgive others. One of the ways we can be sure that we have received forgiveness from God and are truly justified is that we are quick to ...Read More

  • Belief and Confession

    Romans 10:9-13

    John Calvin comments on today’s passage that the emphasis on believing with the heart shows that “faith is a firm and effectual confidence and not a bare notion only.” Saving faith is not simply knowing the truth about Jesus ...Read More

  • By Christ Alone

    1 Corinthians 1:30

    Roman Catholic theology denies the sufficiency of Christ by regarding our works as something that adds to and makes possible a righteousness within ourselves. However, though personal holiness is important, it only demonstrates that we have been justified by faith ...Read More

  • Christ Our Righteousness

    1 Corinthians 1:30–31

    Jesus is the only human being who has ever had perfect faith in God. The faith the Lord demands from us is real faith, not perfect faith, and faith can be real even if it is imperfect. Still, we are ...Read More

  • Circumcision of the Heart

    Romans 2:28–29

    Circumcision per se is not bad. For Paul it was indifferent to one’s place in the kingdom—that is, until the Judaizers insisted that circumcision is required for salvation. To so insist was to go too far and to ...Read More

  • Completed Faith

    James 2:22–24

    When we first believe our faith is “incomplete” in the sense that it is small and relatively undeveloped. But even though a small faith is enough to do great things (Matt. 17:20), God does not want our faith to ...Read More

  • Constituting Us Righteous

    Romans 5:18–19

    The parallels between the imputation of sin and righteousness demonstrate that it is erroneous to believe righteousness is a metaphysical reality that is infused into the believer. John Calvin writes, “The gift of righteousness is not a quality with which ...Read More

  • Crucified with Christ

    Galatians 2:17–21

    Issues like the curse of the Law that were raised briefly today will have to wait a few days for more analysis. In closing, note that Galatians 2:19–20 reveals that being united to Christ means being crucified with ...Read More

  • Cursed on Our Behalf

    Galatians 3:13–14

    Martin Luther’s commentary on Galatians gives this pastoral advice: “So if sin vex you, and death terrify you, think that it is (as indeed it is) but an imagination and a false illusion of the devil. For there is ...Read More

  • Declaration Versus Transformation

    Romans 4:22–24a

    Our justification is no “legal fiction.” When God considers the evidence upon which He justifies us, the evidence He considers is what Christ has done, not what we have done. This is our only hope, because if our lives are ...Read More