• Declaration Versus Transformation

    Romans 4:22–24a

    Our justification is no “legal fiction.” When God considers the evidence upon which He justifies us, the evidence He considers is what Christ has done, not what we have done. This is our only hope, because if our lives are ...Read More

  • Persevering, Strengthening Faith

    Romans 4:18–21

    That Paul uses Abraham as a model of faith should greatly encourage us. It shows that the faith that justifies us is not a faith that never faces doubt or that is as strong as it could be at every ...Read More

  • The Assurance of Faith

    Romans 4:16b–17

    Dr. R.C. Sproul has often noted that it is not enough merely to believe in God. We must also believe God, which means that we believe not only that He exists and can do what He says but that ...Read More

  • Resting on Grace

    Romans 4:16a

    Dr. R.C. Sproul comments in his commentary on Romans: “It is Christ’s righteousness that justifies us. All we bring to the table is our trust in Him and His righteousness. If we add one ounce of our own ...Read More

  • Becoming Heirs of the Kingdom

    Romans 4:13–15

    Romans 5 and 7 further develop the role of the law in regard to justification and its purpose in intensifying sin. For now it is enough to note that faith and works of the law are opposed in justification because ...Read More

  • A Double Transfer

    Romans 4:9–10

    Martin Luther comments: “Righteousness is given through imputation without works, and … this takes place through the nonimputation of unrighteousness. It is the same thing, whether we say, ‘to whom God imputes righteousness’ or, ‘to whom the Lord does not impute ...Read More

  • Counting Faith as Righteousness

    Romans 4:4–5

    A desire to obey God and do good in itself is not opposed to faith. The problem arises when we see our works as the basis upon which God declares us righteous. John Calvin comments, “It is not he, whom ...Read More

  • Not by Works

    Romans 4:1–3

    We’ll consider the nature of justification and faith in more detail over the next few days. Today we note the significance of the opposition of doing and believing with regard to justification. Faith is something we exercise, but Paul ...Read More

  • Upholding the Law by Faith

    Romans 3:29–31

    Calvin also writes that after justification “there is sanctification, by which our hearts are prepared to keep the law; it is indeed imperfectly done, but there is an aiming at the work.” Sanctification follows justification, so justification upholds the law ...Read More

  • No Room for Boasting

    Romans 3:27–28

    In his commentary on Romans, Douglas J. Moo writes, “God’s wrath is the inevitable and necessary reaction of absolute holiness to sin.” The Lord must judge sinners, and we cannot endure this judgment, but Christ bears it in our ...Read More

  • Justification by Grace through Faith

    Romans 3:22b–24

    If justification were a meritorious reward that we earn because we have faith, we would have no assurance of peace with God. After all, our faith is not always strong, and until our glorification it is mixed with sin. No ...Read More

  • Righteousness by Faith

    Romans 1:17b (ESV footnote)

    John Calvin comments on today’s passage, “We have now the principal point or the main hinge of the first part of the this Epistle—that we are justified by faith through the mercy of God alone.” To truly know ...Read More

  • The Righteous Shall Live by Faith

    Romans 1:17b

    In other lectures, Dr. R.C. Sproul has paraphrased today’s passage as “the just shall live by trust.” The mark of righteous people is that they believe the Lord, that they trust His promises and seek to grow in ...Read More

  • The Church in Rome

    Romans 1:5–7

    Faith and repentance go hand-in-hand. To turn to the Lord in faith is to turn away from trust in oneself and in one’s own righteousness. Repentance is this turning, and it is a command of God in Scripture (Acts ...Read More

  • Misplaced Confidence

    Jeremiah 7:1–29

    Today we must likewise be wary of misplaced confidence. We do not rest in God’s salvation because we signed a card of commitment to Christ or have a memory of going forward to receive Christ at an “altar call ...Read More