• Developing Theology by

    Protestants often times scoff at the hierarchical nature of the Roman Catholic Church, particularly the concept that a special class of saints wields greater influence over Jesus than others. Yet, before we point the finger too quickly, we should evaluate …

  • The East and The West by

    The multitude of denominations within the Christian church today leads many to view the church as schismatic and contentious. A large contingent of these people calls for a reunification of Christianity, resembling the church of ancient times. While unity should …

  • Expansion of the Church by

    Unbeknownst to many Christians in the twenty-first century, people around the Greco-Roman world of the first century viewed Christianity as nothing more than an offshoot of Judaism, with some going as far as believing the two possessed no inherent difference …

  • Introduction by

  • Introduction by

    This study will examine the first 500 years of the church in order to illuminate the impact of the early church so that the church today might know itself and its God better. This particular study lays the historical context …

  • Introduction to the Middle Ages by

    Our word “medieval” comes from the Latin terms medium and aevum, which mean “middle age.” Neglected by some and romanticized by others, the period of the Middle Ages is important for understanding the triumphs and struggles of Christians in …

  • Jesus as God by

    The fourth century witnessed some of the most critical Christological controversies in the history of the church. Despite the solid, Biblical determination that originated from these debates, heresies continued to abound about the person and nature of Jesus Christ, and …

  • Jesus as Man by

    As members of the Reformed faith, it is easy to slip into a position of arrogance and superiority on account of our rich tradition of learning and study. Sadly, as today’s lesson demonstrates through the example of Cyril and his …

  • Justinian & Gregory by

    Emperor Justinian I and Pope Gregory I stand out as two of the most significant figures in the centuries of transition that marked the early Middle Ages. As the vestiges of Roman culture and institutions continued to fade or be …

  • Martin Luther (Part 1) by

    Our Lord has not left His church without leaders to point us back to the great truths of God revealed in Scripture. Seven of these men are held in especially high esteem because of their witness at critical points in …

  • Martin Luther (Part 2) by

    Our Lord has not left His church without leaders to point us back to the great truths of God revealed in Scripture. Seven of these men are held in especially high esteem because of their witness at critical points in …

  • Pioneering Theologian: Origen by

    Origen of Alexandria provides a striking case of an individual seeking to discover the truth about the nature of reality and faith aside from God’s revelation in Scripture. Despite his commendable efforts to defend the church and to preserve her …

  • Polycarp by

    How do you define a hero? What qualifications does one need to be listed as a hero of the Christian faith? As we make our way through the twenty-first century, who can Christians look to for encouragement? Dr. Sproul answers …

  • Questions and Answers by

    This is a question and answer time between Dr. Sproul and his son, discussing topics relating to the “Heroes of the Christian Faith.”

  • The Reward of Discipleship by

    Wherever you find God’s people, you will find persecution to some degree. That should be of no surprise since Jesus already told us that it would happen. He also promised that blessedness would be pronounced on those who suffered …