• Against the World by

    During the first centuries of the church’s existence, there were times when heresy seemed to have won the day. In this session, Dr. W. Robert Godfrey will reflect on the experience of Athanasius and affirm the calling of Christians …

  • Augustine by

    As Augustine wrestled with Christianity and whether or not to embrace it, he struggled with sexual immorality. Possessing a long time concubine, through whom he fathered a son, Augustine refused to end this affair. Even after his amazing conversion, which …

  • Barbarians At the Gate by

    As Augustine lay dying, the Vandals were at the gates of his city, Hippo. Several years earlier, another barbarian tribe had sacked Rome. It seemed that the whole world was coming apart. Augustine, however, trusted God. In this session, Dr …

  • The Bishop by

    Although the understanding of the office of bishop eventually became perverted and corrupted in the ancient church, the office as defined in Scripture possesses biblical support and apostolic precedent. The church needs leaders, but these leaders, like Christ before them …

  • The Catholic Reformation by

    Many who desired to reform the Roman Catholic Church eventually split off from it. However, energetic reforms also emerged within the Catholic Church, addressing moral and spiritual problems without forming a separate ecclesiastical body. While the Catholic reformers shared many …

  • Christ, Kingdom, & Culture by

    Jesus Christ has been seated at the right hand of God the Father, and His kingdom has already been inaugurated although not yet consummated. How does our understanding of this biblical truth impact the church’s relationship and interaction with the …

  • Church Power & Dissent by

    As the Middle Ages progressed, the Roman Catholic Church became one of the most powerful institutions in Western Europe. People responded to the church’s growing influence in a number of ways. Many supported the church, considering it to be God’s …

  • Constantine & the Church by

    Emperor Constantine the Great has received much attention throughout the history of the church—and rightfully so. His conversion to Christianity and the sweeping changes it brought to the church and the empire instituted a new era in history, one that …

  • Continuing the Reformation by ,

    The Reformation was a turning point in the history of the church. And in its aftermath, Protestants wanted to continue along the trajectory set by the Reformers. They sought to further develop a theology which was reformed according to Scripture …

  • The Crusades by

    Few incidents in the history of the church are as controversial as the Crusades. The tragic loss of life that resulted from this movement has, sadly, discredited the Christian faith in the eyes of many. Today, Christians are sometimes uncertain …

  • Death Has Lost Its Sting by

    Before arriving at the Celestial City, Pilgrim had to cross a river. That river was death, and every Christian must face that same river until Jesus returns. As Christians, however, we know that death has lost its sting. In this …

  • Defending the Faith by

    Heresies, in a real way, are just repetitions of similar sinful, rebellious worldviews presented earlier in time. As the author of Ecclesiastes says, “What has been is what will be, and what has been done is what will be done …

  • Developing Theology by

    Protestants often times scoff at the hierarchical nature of the Roman Catholic Church, particularly the concept that a special class of saints wields greater influence over Jesus than others. Yet, before we point the finger too quickly, we should evaluate …

  • Do Not Love the World by

    Christians are called to be in the world but not of the world. Historically, many have found this a difficult goal to achieve. In this session, Dr. W. Robert Godfrey will explore why the church finds the world so appealing …

  • The Dutch Reformation by

    The success or failure of the Reformation in a particular region often depended on whether the ruler of the region supported or opposed it. However, the Dutch Reformation was an exception to this tendency. Though bitterly opposed by the Habsburg …