• A Double Transfer

    Romans 4:9–10

    Martin Luther comments: “Righteousness is given through imputation without works, and … this takes place through the nonimputation of unrighteousness. It is the same thing, whether we say, ‘to whom God imputes righteousness’ or, ‘to whom the Lord does not impute ...Read More

  • Becoming Heirs of the Kingdom

    Romans 4:13–15

    Romans 5 and 7 further develop the role of the law in regard to justification and its purpose in intensifying sin. For now it is enough to note that faith and works of the law are opposed in justification because ...Read More

  • Before the Law

    Romans 4:9–12

    In Matthew 18:21–22, Jesus tells Peter that His disciples must freely forgive others. One of the ways we can be sure that we have received forgiveness from God and are truly justified is that we are quick to ...Read More

  • Counting Faith as Righteousness

    Romans 4:4–5

    A desire to obey God and do good in itself is not opposed to faith. The problem arises when we see our works as the basis upon which God declares us righteous. John Calvin comments, “It is not he, whom ...Read More

  • Declaration Versus Transformation

    Romans 4:22–24a

    Our justification is no “legal fiction.” When God considers the evidence upon which He justifies us, the evidence He considers is what Christ has done, not what we have done. This is our only hope, because if our lives are ...Read More

  • Faith Is Counted

    Romans 4:1–8

    Again and again the New Testament warns us that our works cannot add anything to our justification. Neither can sin take away the right status of all those truly justified, though it may disrupt our fellowship with God (Eph. 4 ...Read More

  • For Abraham’s Sake and Ours

    Romans 4:22–25

    As sinners, we regularly overlook the faults and transgressions of others. We know that no sinner is perfect, and so we are often willing to give people a pass when they do the very same misdeeds of which we ourselves ...Read More

  • It Depends on Faith

    Romans 4:13–25

    All of us face the temptation to believe something more must be done for us to gain right standing with God. Unspoken doubts about our forgiveness can be a sign we think the price Christ paid for us on the ...Read More

  • Not by Works

    Romans 4:1–3

    We’ll consider the nature of justification and faith in more detail over the next few days. Today we note the significance of the opposition of doing and believing with regard to justification. Faith is something we exercise, but Paul ...Read More

  • Persevering, Strengthening Faith

    Romans 4:18–21

    That Paul uses Abraham as a model of faith should greatly encourage us. It shows that the faith that justifies us is not a faith that never faces doubt or that is as strong as it could be at every ...Read More

  • Raised for Our Justification

    Romans 4:24b–25

    In his lectures on Romans, Martin Luther comments on the death and resurrection of our Savior, showing that it demonstrates that Christ’s “death not only signifies but actually effects the remission of sin as a most sufficient satisfaction.” We ...Read More

  • Resting on Grace

    Romans 4:16a

    Dr. R.C. Sproul comments in his commentary on Romans: “It is Christ’s righteousness that justifies us. All we bring to the table is our trust in Him and His righteousness. If we add one ounce of our own ...Read More

  • Signs and Seals

    Romans 4:9–12

    We are creatures with both physical and spiritual components. We understand what happens to us physically when we are washed with water and when we eat, and the sacraments portray spiritual realities to us by way of analogies with our ...Read More

  • The Assurance of Faith

    Romans 4:16b–17

    Dr. R.C. Sproul has often noted that it is not enough merely to believe in God. We must also believe God, which means that we believe not only that He exists and can do what He says but that ...Read More

  • The Great Exchange

    Romans 4:1–8

    If we are in Christ, if we trust in Him alone, we have His righteousness credited to our account. When God looks at us, He sees the righteousness of Christ and no longer deems us guilty. This is the good ...Read More