• A Stronger Union

    John 6:41–59

    We are not advocating the Roman Catholic view of transubstantiation or the Lutheran view of consubstantiation when we affirm the true presence of Christ in the Lord’s Supper. As we will see, we simply mean that we meet with ...Read More

  • Baptism and Salvation

    1 Peter 3:21

    Throughout history, God has entered into covenants with a visible covenant community, a community identified by its profession of faith. However, not everyone in the visible covenant community possesses faith. Only those who trust in Christ alone are a part ...Read More

  • Eating and Drinking Judgment

    1 Corinthians 10:19–22

    In ourselves, we are all unworthy to approach the throne of grace because of our sin. To say we are worthy of taking the Lord’s Supper is not to deny this fundamental reality; rather, it is to embrace it ...Read More

  • Entrance by Cleansing

    Matthew 28:16-20

    Read Hebrews 9:13 and 10:22. Now find Numbers 19. Note the relationship between death and resurrection, unclean and clean, and old covenant baptism. What does this chapter teach you about your new covenant baptism? How many times do ...Read More

  • Freedom Through Christ’s Blood

    Revelation 1:5b

    Baptism reminds us who believe that we are washed clean of our sin on account of the blood of Christ. His death atoned for our guilt, enabling God to forgive us without compromising His justice. When we see the water ...Read More

  • Holy Children

    1 Corinthians 7:14

    Presbyterians believe the church distinguishes believers’ children from unbelievers’ children through baptism (Heidelberg Catechism, Q&A 74). Whether or not you believe infants should be baptized, we can all agree that God expects more from those raised in a Christian home than those who do not grow up under the gospel. “To whom much was given … much will be required” (Luke 12:48). Let us remind our children of this and call them to repent and believe the gospel.Read More

  • Honoring God’s Covenant

    Isaiah 1:11–17

    We will look more at church discipline in the days ahead. As we close our study today, let us be reminded that coming into the Lord’s presence without repentance is dangerous indeed. It is particularly risky when we claim ...Read More

  • Proclaiming the Lord’s Death

    1 Corinthians 11:26

    We cannot live without food and drink, and the use of bread and wine in the Lord’s Supper is to remind us that we cannot survive without the death and resurrection of our Savior. As we eat the bread ...Read More

  • Self-Examination and the Sacrament

    1 Corinthians 11:17–32

    Self-examination of one’s soul before partaking of the Lord’s Supper involves determining whether or not one is a Christian. We are to consider whether we are trusting in Christ alone for salvation, and we are to repent for ...Read More

  • Signs and Seals

    Romans 4:9–12

    We are creatures with both physical and spiritual components. We understand what happens to us physically when we are washed with water and when we eat, and the sacraments portray spiritual realities to us by way of analogies with our ...Read More

  • Speaking Sacramentally

    1 Corinthians 10:1–4

    Speaking sacramentally, we refer to the bread as the body of Christ and the wine as His blood in order to proclaim that He is truly present when we sit at His table. Ours is a supernatural faith, and we ...Read More

  • The Blood and the Spirit

    1 John 1:7

    “Just as the Word of God does not return to him void, neither does the exercise and administration of his sacrament return to him void” (R.C. Sproul, Truths We Confess, vol. 3, p. 89). The preaching of God’s ...Read More

  • The Bread and the Cup

    Luke 22:14–20

    When we participate in the sacraments, it can be easy to forget why we have them and what we are supposed to learn from them. Lest they become merely rote observances, let us pay close attention when the sacraments are ...Read More

  • The Bread of Life

    John 6:35–40

    At our conversion, we make a decisive break with sin and come into the safety of Christ’s fold. Still, there is a sense in which we must continue to come to Him every moment of our lives. As we ...Read More

  • The Focus of the Sacraments

    Galatians 3:27

    We must know the gospel to have faith in the gospel, and we must have faith in the gospel to enjoy the sanctifying benefits of baptism and the Lord’s Supper. Thus, the preaching of the Word always has a ...Read More