• Belief and Confession

    Romans 10:9-13

    John Calvin comments on today’s passage that the emphasis on believing with the heart shows that “faith is a firm and effectual confidence and not a bare notion only.” Saving faith is not simply knowing the truth about Jesus ...Read More

  • The Message Converning Faith

    Romans 10:5-8

    Romans 10:8 quotes Deuteronomy 30:14 in order to point out the gracious nature of the justification that is by faith alone. God did not make the Israelites look for His Word that told them of their salvation from ...Read More

  • Christ, the Goal of the Law

    Romans 10:4

    The early church father Irenaeus writes: “How is Christ the end of the law if he is not also the cause of it? For he who has brought in the end also created the beginning.” The Son of God gave ...Read More

  • More than Conquerors

    Romans 8:35-37

    Matthew Henry comments on today’s passage: “We are conquerors by virtue of Christ’s victory. We have nothing to do but pursue the victory, and to divide the spoil, and so are more than conquerors.” Because we are in ...Read More

  • The Life-Giving Spirit

    Romans 8:10-11

    Today’s passage is a good reminder that while our justification in Christ guarantees our salvation, God’s work of salvation will not be completed in us until we enjoy resurrected life in the new heaven and earth. Our Creator ...Read More

  • Constituting Us Righteous

    Romans 5:18–19

    The parallels between the imputation of sin and righteousness demonstrate that it is erroneous to believe righteousness is a metaphysical reality that is infused into the believer. John Calvin writes, “The gift of righteousness is not a quality with which ...Read More

  • The Sign and Seal of Righteousness

    Romans 4:11–12

    Under the new covenant, baptism signifies and seals our separation from the world unto the Lord (Col. 2:8–15). Like circumcision, baptism is not faith or justification, but it points beyond itself to justification for those who believe. Moreover ...Read More

  • Counting Faith as Righteousness

    Romans 4:4–5

    A desire to obey God and do good in itself is not opposed to faith. The problem arises when we see our works as the basis upon which God declares us righteous. John Calvin comments, “It is not he, whom ...Read More

  • Upholding the Law by Faith

    Romans 3:29–31

    Calvin also writes that after justification “there is sanctification, by which our hearts are prepared to keep the law; it is indeed imperfectly done, but there is an aiming at the work.” Sanctification follows justification, so justification upholds the law ...Read More

  • The Righteousness of God Manifested

    Romans 3:21–22a

    Paul’s “but now” of Romans 3:21 describes a momentous change in history. The people who lived before Christ lived in an era characterized by unrighteousness and wrath, dwelling under the condemnation of God’s law. Now that Christ ...Read More

  • Is God Unrighteous?

    Romans 3:5–7

    At the root of all sin is the arrogant attempt of creatures to judge their Creator, to believe that we know better than He does and to go our own way or to deny what He has said about Himself ...Read More

  • Circumcision of the Heart

    Romans 2:28–29

    Circumcision per se is not bad. For Paul it was indifferent to one’s place in the kingdom—that is, until the Judaizers insisted that circumcision is required for salvation. To so insist was to go too far and to ...Read More

  • The Jews’ Failure to Keep the Law

    Romans 2:21b–23

    John Calvin comments on today’s passage, “We are here warned, first, not to flatter ourselves and to despise others, when we have performed only some portions of the law—and, secondly, not to glory in having outward idolatry removed ...Read More

  • The Righteousness of God

    2 Corinthians 5:21

    Even many professing Christians believe that they become citizens of heaven because they have lived a “good life.” The gospel tells us that no one but Christ has lived a life that is truly good. He alone deserves the kingdom ...Read More

  • Righteousness by Faith

    Romans 1:17b (ESV footnote)

    John Calvin comments on today’s passage, “We have now the principal point or the main hinge of the first part of the this Epistle—that we are justified by faith through the mercy of God alone.” To truly know ...Read More