• Constituting Us Righteous

    Romans 5:18–19

    The parallels between the imputation of sin and righteousness demonstrate that it is erroneous to believe righteousness is a metaphysical reality that is infused into the believer. John Calvin writes, “The gift of righteousness is not a quality with which ...Read More

  • The Sign and Seal of Righteousness

    Romans 4:11–12

    Under the new covenant, baptism signifies and seals our separation from the world unto the Lord (Col. 2:8–15). Like circumcision, baptism is not faith or justification, but it points beyond itself to justification for those who believe. Moreover ...Read More

  • Counting Faith as Righteousness

    Romans 4:4–5

    A desire to obey God and do good in itself is not opposed to faith. The problem arises when we see our works as the basis upon which God declares us righteous. John Calvin comments, “It is not he, whom ...Read More

  • Upholding the Law by Faith

    Romans 3:29–31

    Calvin also writes that after justification “there is sanctification, by which our hearts are prepared to keep the law; it is indeed imperfectly done, but there is an aiming at the work.” Sanctification follows justification, so justification upholds the law ...Read More

  • The Righteousness of God Manifested

    Romans 3:21–22a

    Paul’s “but now” of Romans 3:21 describes a momentous change in history. The people who lived before Christ lived in an era characterized by unrighteousness and wrath, dwelling under the condemnation of God’s law. Now that Christ ...Read More

  • Is God Unrighteous?

    Romans 3:5–7

    At the root of all sin is the arrogant attempt of creatures to judge their Creator, to believe that we know better than He does and to go our own way or to deny what He has said about Himself ...Read More

  • Circumcision of the Heart

    Romans 2:28–29

    Circumcision per se is not bad. For Paul it was indifferent to one’s place in the kingdom—that is, until the Judaizers insisted that circumcision is required for salvation. To so insist was to go too far and to ...Read More

  • The Jews’ Failure to Keep the Law

    Romans 2:21b–23

    John Calvin comments on today’s passage, “We are here warned, first, not to flatter ourselves and to despise others, when we have performed only some portions of the law—and, secondly, not to glory in having outward idolatry removed ...Read More

  • The Righteousness of God

    2 Corinthians 5:21

    Even many professing Christians believe that they become citizens of heaven because they have lived a “good life.” The gospel tells us that no one but Christ has lived a life that is truly good. He alone deserves the kingdom ...Read More

  • Righteousness by Faith

    Romans 1:17b (ESV footnote)

    John Calvin comments on today’s passage, “We have now the principal point or the main hinge of the first part of the this Epistle—that we are justified by faith through the mercy of God alone.” To truly know ...Read More

  • God’s Righteousness Revealed

    Romans 1:17a

    The gift character of righteousness is underscored in Paul’s statement that “the righteousness of God is revealed from faith for faith.” Our position before the Lord is by faith alone from first to last, and nothing we do can ...Read More

  • Misplaced Confidence

    Jeremiah 7:1–29

    Today we must likewise be wary of misplaced confidence. We do not rest in God’s salvation because we signed a card of commitment to Christ or have a memory of going forward to receive Christ at an “altar call ...Read More

  • The Righteousness of God

    Romans 1:16–17

    Douglas Moo writes, “Justification by faith is the anthropological reflex of [that is, it reflects] Paul’s basic conviction that what God has done in Christ for sinful human beings is entirely a matter of grace” (Romans, p. 90). We ...Read More

  • The Lord Answers Habakkuk

    Habakkuk 2:2–5

    Just as God’s vision to Habakkuk appeared from his perspective to be delayed, the Lord’s consummation of history may from our vantage point seem to be delayed. However, as we have seen, our Creator always brings His plan ...Read More

  • Rome’s Analytic View of Justification

    Romans 1:16–17

    Roman Catholics and Protestants differ on several fundamental matters, not the least of which is the doctrine of justification. It is essential that we do not blur the lines on this issue, for the very gospel is at stake. We ...Read More