• Israel, the Son of God

    Hosea 11:1–7

    New Testament fulfillment language does not always mean a prophet directly saw an aspect of Jesus’ ministry. When the Apostles say Christ fulfilled a prophecy, they sometimes mean that He is the true realization of a particular old covenant theme ...Read More

  • Jehoiakim Burns the Word of God

    Jeremiah 36

    Jehoiakim tried to destroy the Word of God, showing the hardheartedness of king and people that made the exile inevitable. He was not the first ruler to try and destroy the Bible, and he would not be the last. But ...Read More

  • Jeremiah the Weeping Prophet

    Jeremiah 1:1–8

    Jeremiah 1:1–8 has much to say to us theologically. First, that God formed Jeremiah in the womb affirms that human beings are made in the Lord’s image from the earliest stages of development and worthy of protection ...Read More

  • Jeremiah Versus Hananiah

    Jeremiah 28

    Jeremiah evaluates Hananiah’s message in today’s passage according to the true prophets who had preceded him. This is essentially the practice of sola Scriptura in an old covenant context. Like Jeremiah, we are to evaluate teachers based on ...Read More

  • Jerusalem without Boundaries

    Zechariah 2

    Part of the assurance given to God’s people in today’s passage is that we are “the apple of his eye” (Zech. 2:8). The Lord loves us so deeply and thoroughly that He will not let those who ...Read More

  • Joel and the Locust Invasion

    Joel 1

    The Lord is not presently speaking in such a way as to tell us the reasons for every disaster; thus, we cannot with certainty identify any natural disaster today as His direct judgment on sin. Yet Scripture says natural disasters ...Read More

  • Jonah’s Anger

    Jonah 4

    Jonah’s depression over the death of a plant (Jonah 4:5–9), Dr. R.C. Sproul tells us, means that the prophet cared more about plants than about people. Jonah forgot that no sinner deserves God’s forgiveness—even ...Read More

  • Learning God’s Lessons

    Ezekiel 6

    The returned exiles, by and large, got rid of all overt idolatry in Canaan when they came back from Babylon. However, the later prophets and the New Testament show us that they did not go far enough, and groups such ...Read More

  • Mercy Amidst Judgment

    Jeremiah 4:5–31

    God swore by Himself to bless the world through Abraham (Gen. 12:1–3; 15), imposing a self-obligation to save humanity that He cannot violate lest He be unfaithful to His covenant oath. In saving the world from sin, however ...Read More

  • Mourning Over the Pierced Lord

    Zechariah 12

    Today’s passage says that the full restoration of all things cannot happen until the Jews recognize their Messiah. John Calvin seems to have held this view, and many others have taught it as well. In any case, Zechariah is ...Read More

  • Purging Iniquity

    Zechariah 5

    Ultimately, the impenitent are confirmed in sin forever—they continue to experience its degrading and destructive effects in hell and feel the fury of God’s wrath. We should not think that the sinners in hell want to be anywhere ...Read More

  • Raised by the LORD

    Hosea 6:1–3

    Some commentators believe there is an allusion to Hosea 6:2 in passages such as Mark 8:31 and Acts 10:40, but it seems unlikely that the prophet had a specific time frame for the resurrection in mind when ...Read More

  • Running Away from God

    Jonah 1:3–16

    We might be tempted to look down on Jonah for fleeing to Tarshish. However, when we remember how many times we ignore God’s call, we realize that we are no better than the prophet. When Jesus commands us to ...Read More

  • Salvation is of the LORD

    Jonah 1:17–2:10

    We bring nothing to the Lord when we come to Him for salvation. Even our faith, the instrument of our justification, is a gift from Him (Eph. 2:8–10). This is a great truth that we must tell ourselves ...Read More

  • The Army of the Lord

    Joel 2:1–11

    John Calvin comments on Joel 2:1–11, reminding us that its final end is not to preach judgment for judgment’s sake but to warn people to turn from sin: “The object of the narrative, then, is to make ...Read More