• The Messiah’s Kingdom

    Genesis 49:13

    Ambrose of Milan comments on today’s passage, saying Jesus “is the Lord by nature but a brother by grace” (The Patriarchs, 4.17). God is not a person with whom contact is impossible; He is not “wholly other.” Without ...Read More

  • The Messiah’s Mother

    Luke 1:26–38

    As followers of Christ, we must contend earnestly for the faith once delivered to the saints (Jude 3). Yet in so doing, we must be careful about going to the opposite extreme, for we often commit other errors when we ...Read More

  • The Priestly Branch on the Throne

    Zechariah 6:9-15

    John Calvin writes that today’s passage must refer to “the building of the spiritual temple, when Gentiles, formerly remote from God’s people, joined them as friends, and brought their labor to the work of building the temple, not with stones ...Read More

  • The Prophetic Hope Fulfilled

    Luke 1:5–17

    John the Baptist was the last prophet of the old covenant even though his story is told in what we commonly call the New Testament. Jesus tells us that John was the greatest prophet of the old covenant, but greater ...Read More

  • The Ruler from Bethlehem

    Micah 5:1–5

    The scribes in Matthew 2:1–6 answer Herod with an interpretive gloss that says Bethlehem is not the least of the clans of Judah because of the Messiah. Though many of them would reject Jesus, this interpretive reading implicitly ...Read More

  • The Servant of the Lord

    Isaiah 42:1–9

    The Jewish view of the Servant Songs is not wrong in what it affirms but in what it denies. Because Israel’s failure to be the Lord’s servant is so clear in Isaiah, the Servant Songs must ultimately be about an ...Read More

  • The Spirit and the Lord’s Servant

    Isaiah 61:1–3

    Isaiah 61:3 indicates that one result of the Messiah’s work is to make His people “oaks of righteousness, the planting of the Lord.” This is an image of permanence, of life in God’s presence forever. John Calvin comments ...Read More

  • The Spirit and the Lord’s Servant

    Isaiah 61:1–3

    Isaiah 61:3 indicates that one result of the Messiah’s work is to make His people “oaks of righteousness, the planting of the LORD.” This is an image of permanence, of life in God’s presence forever. John Calvin comments ...Read More

  • The Vindicated Sufferer

    Isaiah 53:10–12

    If we are not careful, we will miss what is perhaps the most beautiful truth taught in Isaiah 53: the Messiah does not fail to save His people. He actually and fully saves them from first to last. Isaiah will ...Read More

  • The Willing Sufferer

    Isaiah 53:4–9

    Born in Adam, we are God’s enemies as long as we remain in Adam and are unwilling to obey Him. This disobedience must be atoned for, but only willing obedience can cover disobedience. When the Messiah went to the cross ...Read More

  • Who is Israel?

    Romans 11:7-10

    All Scripture is God-breathed (2 Tim. 3:16-17), and that means there is nothing insignificant in the Bible. Every word was carefully chosen by the Apostles and prophets, under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, so we must put in ...Read More

  • With Spirit and Fire

    Matthew 3:11–12

    The purifying work of the Holy Spirit commences in the believer when he first turns to Christ. Sometimes the Spirit works on us in the fire of adversity, through which the Lord promises to take us for His good purposes ...Read More