The Poor in Spirit

Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven” (v. 3).

- Matthew 5:1–3

Having finished our study of Philippians 2, we can look back on the chapter and see that Paul mentions different blessings God bestowed upon him and that the Lord continues to give to the church. We are blessed to “shine as lights in the world” (v. 15). Paul was blessed to have Timothy and Epaphroditus as trusted fellow workers (vv. 19–26). The Apostle, Epaphroditus, and the entire Philippian church were blessed to see Epaphroditus recover from illness by the hand of God (v. 27). All Christians are blessed beyond description in that the Son of God humbled Himself in the incarnation to reconcile His people to the Father (vv. 5–11).

Indeed, the hope of life under God’s blessing is found not only in Philippians 2 but throughout the entire canon of Scripture. For the next week and a half, we will consider how we receive the blessing of the Lord and what this blessing means for our lives with the help of The Beatitudes, a teaching series by Dr. R.C. Sproul.

Understanding the Beatitudes in Matthew 5:1–12 requires us to comprehend the meaning of the term blessed. Many people think the word means “happy,” but that view is inadequate. Happiness, in an ultimate sense, is certainly a part of being blessed by God, but divine blessing goes far beyond mere happiness. It involves God’s favor, His willingness to come near and dwell among His people. This is the chief meaning of the Aaronic blessing in Numbers 6:22–27. The hope of Israel was that God would shine His face on the people, that there would be close, intimate fellowship between the Creator and His creatures. The New Testament expands on this, revealing that our ultimate hope is the Beatific Vision — face-to-face communion with God and His glory in eternity (1 Cor. 13:12; 1 John 3:2).

How do we enjoy the Lord’s favor and experience a taste of His presence now, and then, for all eternity, the fullness of His glory? The answer is found in the very first beatitude. Jesus tells us that only the “poor in Spirit” will receive the kingdom of heaven (Matt. 5:3). Poverty in spirit is an emptying of our self-reliance and any claim we (falsely) believe to have on God. It is a recognition that we are utterly dependent on divine grace and undeserving of His favor. It is repentance for setting ourselves up as “gods” and then a resting in the Lord’s promise of salvation.

Coram Deo

God’s presence is felt most strongly in the kingdom of heaven, which was inaugurated in Christ’s ministry and will be consummated at His return. Entry into this kingdom and, ultimately, seeing God’s beauty face to face comes only through repentance and faith, the renunciation of sin and selfreliance in order to trust in Jesus alone. This turning happens decisively at conversion but is also a continual practice throughout the Christian life.

Passages for Further Study

2 Chronicles 6:36–42
Proverbs 16:19
Isaiah 42:1–4
Mark 1:14–15

Permissions: You are permitted and encouraged to reproduce and distribute this material in any format provided that you do not alter the wording in any way, you do not charge a fee beyond the cost of reproduction, and you do not make more than 500 physical copies. For web posting, a link to this document on our website is preferred (where applicable). If no such link exists, simply link to www.ligonier.org.

Please include the following statement on any distributed copy: From Ligonier Ministries, the teaching fellowship of R.C. Sproul. All rights reserved. Website: www.ligonier.org | Phone: 1-800-435-4343