Striving Toward God’s Rest

Let us therefore strive to enter that rest, so that no one may fall by the same sort of disobedience” (Heb. 4:11).

- Hebrews 4:11

For the past week and a half, we have studied the Sabbath rest that Hebrews 4 promises to the people of God. This rest, as we have seen, is the same rest as God’s own rest in which He enjoys Himself and His work. We will also enjoy God and His work when we enter His rest.

Chapters 3 and 4 of Hebrews are filled with warnings about coming into God’s rest. The author tells us that the rest of Canaan was only a type of the full rest to come (4:8). He also warns us that, like the first generation that left Egypt, the new covenant people of God includes unbelievers who disobey the Lord, who will be cut off from His rest (v. 2). With this background, verse 11 tells us to strive to enter God’s rest lest we fall away like earlier generations of God’s people did.

The word translated as “strive” in verse 11 means to concentrate one’s energies on the achievement of a goal. This kind of diligence is the opposite of the attitude that characterized the first generation of Israelites. The church must not follow the example of old covenant Israel and disobey the Word of God. Rather, we must diligently believe on Christ, or we will fall as the first generation of Israelites fell.

Concerning this verse, John Owen writes that the circumstances surrounding our entry into God’s rest are similar to those of the first generation that left Egypt. Just like the Hebrews, we will encounter difficulties such as fear, exhaustion, human enemies, demonic opposition, and various other kinds of persecution that test our faith. Diligent faith and obedience are necessary in order to withstand such difficulties and enter God’s rest.

One final question remains: Does Hebrews 4:11, in commanding us to strive to enter God’s rest, contradict Hebrews 4:3, which says that “we who have believed enter that rest”? The answer is no. First of all, the rest we have now in Christ is only the firstfruits of the rest to come. The fullness of God’s rest includes, but will be greater than, the rest we experience now on earth. Secondly, the grammar of 4:3 shows that it does not contradict 4:11. The present tense verb in 4:3 can also be translated, “We who have believed are entering God’s rest.” The Christian life is a journey; our initial confession of faith sets us on our way toward God’s rest but only genuine faith guarantees entry. Trials necessitate that we strive in faith (4:11) so that the authenticity of our faith may be proven.

Coram Deo

It is easy to trust God when everything is going our way. Difficult times and difficult people make it harder to maintain this same trust. God brings trials into our lives to wean us from trust in ourselves and make us cling to Him alone. The next time you experience a trial, ask God to show you how to trust Him and how to trust Him alone.

Passages for Further Study

Ex. 16
Job 1:6–2:10
Acts 14:21–22
2 Peter 1:10–11

Permissions: You are permitted and encouraged to reproduce and distribute this material in any format provided that you do not alter the wording in any way, you do not charge a fee beyond the cost of reproduction, and you do not make more than 500 physical copies. For web posting, a link to this document on our website is preferred (where applicable). If no such link exists, simply link to

Please include the following statement on any distributed copy: From Ligonier Ministries, the teaching fellowship of R.C. Sproul. All rights reserved. Website: | Phone: 1-800-435-4343