Questioning God’s Lot
“Then the children of Joseph spoke to Joshua, saying, ‘Why have you given us only one lot and one share to inherit, since we are a great people, inasmuch as the Lord has blessed us until now?’ ” (v. 14).- Joshua 17:14–18
At some point in time, perhaps after they have been able to scout their allotment in Canaan, the leaders of the two Joseph tribes, Ephraim and Manasseh, return to Joshua with a complaint. Basically, they argue that they have not been given enough land: “ ‘Why have you given us only one lot and one share to inherit, since we are a great people, inasmuch as the Lord has blessed us until now?’ ”They may be hoping that Joshua, himself an Ephraimite, will be sympathetic to them and grant them more territory. But Joshua remains aware, as the tribal leaders apparently do not, that not he but God made the allotment to the Ephraimites and the Manassehites.
The tribes complain that they received only one allotment. This is true, but their combined territory is significant, second in size only to Judah’s. And while they are, by God’s blessing, a numerous people, their combined population (Ephraim has 32,500 fighting men and Manasseh 52,700, some of whom live east of the Jordan, Num. 26) is not that much larger than other tribes. Dan, Issachar, Zebulon, and Asher, all with populations larger than Manasseh’s, will get much smaller territories. So at first glance the tribes’ complaint seems unwarranted. We begin to glimpse the real problem only as Joshua responds. He first suggests that they go into the forests in the northwest of Ephraim’s territory and clear it for more land; such should not be a problem for a numerous people, he adds wryly. But he does reveal that he is aware of a problem with that idea—the forest is not unoccupied. Rather, the Perizzites and a clan of giants live there. The tribal leaders then reveal a second problem—the plains in northern Manasseh are occupied by powerful Canaanites who have chariots. Essentially, the problem facing Ephraim and Manasseh is that they are hemmed in. Large parts of their allotments are under enemy control, and they have realized that they will have to work and fight to get it. Apparently, they are seeking an easier way to expand.
Joshua stands his ground. As Matthew Henry says, “He tells them that what had fallen to their share would be a sufficient lot for them both, if they would but work and fight.” Their labor of warfare is not yet at an end, he tells them, but they will succeed if they will continue to obey their God.
Ephraim and Manasseh find much of their land occupied by enemies. Other tribes seem to receive much more peaceful territories. So God guided the lot, and so He does in the lives of His people today. Some struggle more than others, but He has promised that all things work for good. Whether you have struggle or ease, praise Him always.
Passages for Further Study
Permissions: You are permitted and encouraged to reproduce and distribute this material in any format provided that you do not alter the wording in any way, you do not charge a fee beyond the cost of reproduction, and you do not make more than 500 physical copies. For web posting, a link to this document on our website is preferred (where applicable). If no such link exists, simply link to www.ligonier.org.
Please include the following statement on any distributed copy: From Ligonier Ministries, the teaching fellowship of R.C. Sproul. All rights reserved. Website: www.ligonier.org | Phone: 1-800-435-4343