God’s Chosen Remnant

God has not rejected his people whom he foreknew… . At the present time there is a remnant, chosen by grace” (vv. 2-5).

- Romans 11:1-5

Questions regarding God’s promises to Israel could not be avoided once it became clear that many ethnic Jews were rejecting Jesus, the Messiah. That is why Paul chose to devote such a large part of Romans (three chapters) to addressing the issue. Did God fail to keep His Word to the children of Abraham? No, says the Apostle, because the Lord pledged to save the children of the promise—His elect—and not every physical descendant of the patriarch (9:1-29). Why did so many Jews reject—and why do they continue to reject—Jesus? Because they have pursued righteousness by works and not by grace through faith, thereby stumbling over Christ, the goal to whom God’s law directs us (9:30-10:21).

As we will see in our study of Romans 11, our Creator’s purpose to save the children of the promise through faith alone and not by works opens the door to the inclusion of Gentiles within the covenant people of Israel. However, Paul knows that the teaching of Gentile inclusion will raise questions as to whether ethnic Israel—the Jewish descendants of Abraham by blood—is now irrelevant in the Lord’s plan. Today’s passage gives a resounding “no” as the answer. Though salvation by grace alone through faith alone means that no one is entitled to heaven merely by birth, God has not forgotten the Israel according to the flesh, and one of the clearest examples of that truth is the fact that the author of Romans himself is a Jew by birth. Paul reminds us in Romans 11:1 that he, a Jewish man, has put his faith in Jesus the Messiah, proving that the Lord has not passed ethnic Israel by.

Importantly, the Apostle is not the only evidence of the Lord’s ongoing plan for ethnic Israel. Paul turns to the Old Testament and the life of the prophet Elijah to prove that God has always preserved ethnic Israelites for Himself. In verses 2-4, Paul cites 1 Kings 19, where we read of Elijah’s lament that he alone remained faithful to God during the reign of Ahab in Israel. The Lord answered the prophet’s complaint by pointing out that Elijah, though important in God’s plan, was but one of seven thousand men who remained faithful to the Lord. Not all ethnic Israel had abandoned their Creator even in those days of apostasy.

Paul’s point, we read in Romans 11:5, is that just as the Lord did in the time of Elijah, He continued to preserve a remnant of ethnic Israelites in the first century, as exemplified by Paul and many other Jewish Christians. Today, God continues to preserve a remnant of ethnic Israelites, Jews who have trusted in Christ alone for salvation.

Coram Deo

Ethnic Gentiles continue to vastly outnumber ethnic Jews in the company of God’s people. However, the fact that some Jews do believe in Jesus is proof of the Lord’s faithfulness to His Word. He has not rejected ethnic Israel, though that does not mean all Jews will be saved. Because He has not rejected His old covenant people, we can be sure that He will not reject His new covenant people. That is a tremendous encouragement for us to remain faithful to Him.

Passages for Further Study

Permissions: You are permitted and encouraged to reproduce and distribute this material in any format provided that you do not alter the wording in any way, you do not charge a fee beyond the cost of reproduction, and you do not make more than 500 physical copies. For web posting, a link to this document on our website is preferred (where applicable). If no such link exists, simply link to www.ligonier.org.

Please include the following statement on any distributed copy: From Ligonier Ministries, the teaching fellowship of R.C. Sproul. All rights reserved. Website: www.ligonier.org | Phone: 1-800-435-4343