The Church Universal

You have come to … the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to innumerable angels in festal gathering, and to the assembly of the firstborn” (Heb. 12:22–23a).

- Hebrews 12:18-24

When we recite the Apostles’ and Nicene creeds, it can be easy for Protestants to stumble over the phrase that confesses belief in the “holy catholic church.” After all, there is a Roman Catholic Church, and to refer to the church as “catholic” seems to imply that we are in communion with the bishop of Rome — the Pope. But if we are not Roman Catholics, why confess belief in the catholic church?

Protestants affirm the existence of the catholic church because the meaning of the term catholic is “universal” and does not imply or command submission to papal authority. To call the church “catholic” is merely to affirm that the one church of Jesus Christ is not limited to one geographical region, socio-economic class, age group, ethnicity, or gender. Believing in the “catholic church” is just another way of stating the biblical teaching that all who turn from their sin and trust Jesus alone for salvation constitute the church universal (Gal. 3:28).

On a practical level, the catholicity of the church means that Christians can find commonality with other believers all over the world. In fact, we are in a far deeper relationship with those Christians whom we have never met than with those unsaved people who share our family bloodlines. English-speaking Christians have brothers and sisters in Chinese house churches. Africans, Arabs, Europeans, and Asians can worship together freely if they are united in the gospel. The poor South American farmer who serves Christ is closer to the wealthy Christian than any of his fellow, unregenerate countrymen. Of course, verbal communication this side of heaven may be impossible between Christians of different national origins. Still, Christians are united to Jesus and, consequently, to every other believer on earth and in heaven, and we have intimate fellowship one with another.

Hebrews 12:22–24 affirms the universal nature of the church as it applies to Christians from all times and places. During worship, we enter the heavenly sanctuary with every believer on earth, and with those believers who are part of the church triumphant — “the spirits of the righteous made perfect”. Though this reality is not apparent to our eyes, our worship includes not only the saints whom we can see but all those who have ever believed in Christ Jesus.

Coram Deo

Our great God has united us to Christ by His Spirit and has given us fellowship with every believer throughout the world. Praying regularly for the church in other places is a great way to evidence this fellowship and help develop a great love for Christians in other places. Let us take time each week to pray for Christians in other countries, asking the Lord to bless them and to help them take the gospel to their neighbors.

Passages for Further Study

Genesis 12:1–3
Ezekiel 37:15–25
Matthew 28:18–20
Romans 15:1–7

We Recommend

Permissions: You are permitted and encouraged to reproduce and distribute this material in any format provided that you do not alter the wording in any way, you do not charge a fee beyond the cost of reproduction, and you do not make more than 500 physical copies. For web posting, a link to this document on our website is preferred (where applicable). If no such link exists, simply link to www.ligonier.org.

Please include the following statement on any distributed copy: From Ligonier Ministries, the teaching fellowship of R.C. Sproul. All rights reserved. Website: www.ligonier.org | Phone: 1-800-435-4343