• What Jews and Gentiles Share

    Romans 3:9

    To be under sin is to have sin as one’s master and to suffer under the verdict of guilt before the bar of God’s justice. Christians have Christ as their master and have been pronounced righteous in Him, so we ...Read More

  • That Good May Come

    Romans 3:8

    Telling people that they have not done and cannot do enough to merit the kingdom of God provokes all sorts of hostile reactions. Some question the Lord’s justice. Others accuse the preacher of telling people they should sin with abandon. ...Read More

  • Is God Unrighteous?

    Romans 3:5–7

    At the root of all sin is the arrogant attempt of creatures to judge their Creator, to believe that we know better than He does and to go our own way or to deny what He has said about Himself. ...Read More

  • The Faithfulness of God

    Romans 3:3–4

    The notion that the Lord must judge sin in order to be faithful is developed in more detail at the end of Romans 3. Paul cites Psalm 51 in today’s passage because in this prayer of confession, David points out ...Read More

  • The True Advantage of the Jew

    Romans 3:1–2

    While the Jews were certainly to take the knowledge of God to the world, the Old Testament was theirs, and the Gentile nations had no ordinary way of accessing it. John Calvin concludes from this that if the benefit of ...Read More

  • Circumcision of the Heart

    Romans 2:28–29

    Circumcision per se is not bad. For Paul it was indifferent to one’s place in the kingdom—that is, until the Judaizers insisted that circumcision is required for salvation. To so insist was to go too far and to confuse the ...Read More

  • The Place of Circumcision

    Romans 2:26–27

    Many Jews in Paul’s day had a deficient understanding of covenant that reduced their relationship with God to mere externals. This is the tendency of fallen sinners, namely, to think that they are right with the Lord as long as ...Read More

  • The Value of Circumcision

    Romans 2:25

    Most of us are unlikely to think that we will automatically make it to heaven if we have been circumcised. However, professing Christians are prone to think they are right before God because they go to church, and they might ...Read More

  • Blaspheming God’s Name

    Romans 2:24

    The Bible is clear that until we are glorified, we will always fail at some level to practice what we preach. Non-Christians will take advantage of this and always use our failures as cause to blaspheme the Lord, and there ...Read More

  • The Jews’ Failure to Keep the Law

    Romans 2:21b–23

    John Calvin comments on today’s passage, “We are here warned, first, not to flatter ourselves and to despise others, when we have performed only some portions of the law—and, secondly, not to glory in having outward idolatry removed, while we ...Read More

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